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State Normal School 
salem massachusetts 




SEVENTY-THIRD YEAR 

1926-1927 

APRIL 1927 



THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



Term 

expires 

1927 Arthur H. Lowe 

1927 Walter V. McDuffee 

1928 A. Lincoln Filene . 

1928 Thomas H. Sullivan 

1929 Sarah Louise Arnold 
Ella Lyman Cabot . 



Payson Smith, Commissioner of Education 
ADVISORY BOARD OF EDUCATION 



1929 



Fitchburg 

Central High School, Springfield 

426 Washington Street, Boston 

Slater Building, Worcester 

Lincoln 

101 Brattle Street, Cambridge 



George H. Varney, Business Agent 



DIVISION OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION AND NORMAL 

SCHOOLS 

Frank W. Wright, Director 



INSTRUCTORS 

THE NORMAL SCHOOL 
Joseph Asbury Pitman, Principal .... 



Education 



A.M 



Charles Frederick Whitney . 

Gertrude Brown Goldsmith, M.A. 

Fred Willis Archibald . 

Charles Elmer Doner . 

Walter George Whitman, A.M. 

Verna Belle Flanders . 

Lena Grayson FitzHugh, A.B. 

Alexander Hugh Sproul, M.S. 

Marie Badger 

Florence Barnes Cruttenden, B.S. 

Maud Lyman Harris, A.M. 

Alice Hayward Edwards, A.B. 

Amy Estell Ware, M.A. . 

Caroline Edith Porter, B.S., M.A. 

Esther Hale .... 

Harold Francis Phillips, B.C.S. 

Mildred Browning Stone 

George Fallows Moody, B.S.Ed., LL.B. 

Mira Wallace . . • 

Lucy Staten Bell, B S. . 

Jean Francis Baird, B.S. Ed. . 

Leon Howard Rockwell, B.S., A.M 

Agnes Katherine Brennan, M.S. 

Dorothy Marie Lyons, B.S. Ed. 

Frederika Moore, M.D. 

Ann Keenan Clark 

Louise Caroline Wellman 



. Drawing and handwork 

Nature study, gardening 

. Music 

. Penmanship 

Physical Science 

Geography 

History and social science 

Business education 

. Shorthand, typewriting 

. History and social science 

Literature, English 

Office training, shorthand 

Geography 

. Children's literature, reading 

Assistant, physical education and hygiene 

Accounting, business 

Arithmetic 

Education 

Physical education and hygiene 

Librarian. Library practice 

Assistant, drawing and handwork 

Education 

Bookkeeping, arithmetic, salesmanship 

English 

School Physician 

Bookkeeper and secretary 

Registrar 



THE TRAINING SCHOOL 



George Fallows Moody, B.S. Ed., LL.B. 

Mary Imelda Dwyer 

Esther Louise Small 

Lillian Maude Besse 

Mary Lillian Perham 

Esther Frances Tuckwell 

Mary Elizabeth James . 

Mary Foster Wade 

Sybil Inez Tucker . 

Marion Bertha Keniston 

Ethel Vera Knight 

Eleanor Elizabeth Walker 

Florence Adams, B.S. Ed. 

George William Little . 



Director 

Supervisor, Grade 8 

Supervisor, Grade 7 

Supervisor, Grade 6 

Supervisor, Grade 5 

Supervisor, Grade 4 

Supervisor, Grade 3 

Supervisor, Grade 2 

Supervisor, Grade 1 and kindergarten 

Assistant, Grade 1 

Kindergartner; assistant in primary grade 

Special class 
. . . . Household arts 

Practical arts 



CALENDAR 



January 3, Monday . 
January 31, Monday. 
February 22, Tuesday 
February 26, Saturday 
March 7, Monday 
April 15 . 
April 19, Tuesday 
April 30, Saturday 
May 9, Monday 
May 30, Monday 
June 2, Thursday 1 
June 3, Friday / 
June 16, Thursday 
June 17, Friday 
June 24, Friday 
September 12, Monday 
September 12, Monday 
September 13, Tuesday 
September 14, Wednesday 
October 12, Wednesday 
November 23, Wednesday 
November 28, Monday 
December 23, Friday 



1927 



Recess ends at 9.30 a.m. 

Second half-year begins 

Washington's birthday: a holiday 

Recess begins 

Recess ends at 9.30 a.m. 

Good Friday: a holiday 

Patriot's day: a holiday 

Recess begins 

Recess ends at 9.30 a.m. 

Memorial Day: a holiday 

Entrance examinations* 

Class Day 

Graduation exercises at 10.30 a.m. 

Training school closes 

Training school opens at 9.00 a.m. 

Entrance examinations* 

Academic year begins at 9.30 a.m. 
Columbus Day: a holiday 
Recess begins at noon 
Recess ends at 9.30 a.m. 
Recess begins at noon 



1928 



January 3, Tuesday . 
January 30, Monday . 
February 22, Wednesday 
February 25, Saturday 
March 5, Monday 



April 19, Thursday 
April 28, Saturday 
May 7, Monday 
May 30, Wednesday 
June 7, Thursday 1 
June 8, Friday / 
June 14, Thursday 
June 15, Friday 
June 29, Friday 



Recess ends at 9.30 a.m. 

Second half-year begins 

Washington's birthday; a holiday 

Recess begins 

Recess ends at 9.30 a.m. 

Good Friday; a holiday 

Patriot's day; a holiday 

Recess begins 

Recess ends at 9.30 a.m. 

Memorial. Day; a holiday 

Entrance examinations 

Class Day 

Graduation exercises at 10.30 a.m. 

Training school closes 



* See program of examinations, page 5. 

Note. — The daily sessions of the school are from 9.30 to 12.25, and from 1.05 to 3.45 o'clock* 
The time from 8.30 to 9.30 and from 3.00 to 3.45 o'clock is to be used for study by all students 
who are in the building. From 3.00 to 3.45 o'clock, all students are subject to appointments 
for conferences with members of the faculty at the discretion of the latter. Lectures before 
the entire school will frequently be held at this time. The regular weekly holiday of both 
the normal and the training schools is on Saturday. 

The telephone call of the normal school is Salem 375; of the training school, Salem 344. 

The principal's residence is at 1 Fairfield Street, and his telephone call is Salem 34. 






PROGRAM OF ENTRANCE EXAMINATIONS 



Candidates are not required to present themselves at the school earlier than the hour of 

the first examination they wish to take. 



Thursday, June 2, and Monday, September 12, 1927 



8.30-10.30 English literature and composition 



. 3 units 



Foreign Language 
Commercial Subjects 
10.30-12.30 



Social Studies 
1,30-4.30 



Mathematics 
8.30-10.30 



Latin . . 

Stenography (including typewriting) 
Bookkeeping ..... 
Commercial geography . 
Commercial law .... 

' Community civics .... 

American history and civics (required after 1922) 

History to about 1700 

European history since 1700 

Economics ...... 

Problems of democracy .... 

Ancient history , 

English history ..... 

Medieval and modern history . 

Friday, June 3 and Tuesday, September 13, 1927 

(Algebra 
Arithmetic 
Geometry 



Foreign Language 
10.30-12.30 



Science 
1.30-4.00 



(French . 
Spanish 
German 

{General science 
Biology, botany, or zoology 
Chemistry 
Physics . 

Physical geography 
Physiology and hygiene 



. 2, 3 or 4 units 


. 1 or 2 units 


. 1 unit 


. }/2 or 1 unit 


. % unit 


. % °* 1 unit 


) 1 unit 


1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. }/2 unit 


. 3^ or 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. 2 or 3 units 


. 2 units 


. 2 or 3 units 


. % or 1 unit 


. }/2 or 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. 1 unit 


. }/2 or 1 unit 


. }/2 or 1 unit 


. 1 or 2 units 


. 1 unit 


. 1 unit 



(Home economics 
Manual training* . 
Drawing 

All candidates who are to take examinations in a given field are expected to present them- 
selves promptly at the time set for the beginning of the examinations in that field. 

Candidates are not to present themselves for examinations in subjects not pursued for an 
equal number of points, in terms of our entrance requirements, during the last four years of 
the secondary school. 

* To be accepted for the practical arts course at Fitchburg only. 




STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

SALEM, MASSACHUSETTS 

AIMS AND PURPOSES 

The aim of the school is distinctly professional. Normal schools are maintained 
by the State in order that the children in the public schools of the Commonwealth 
may have teachers of superior ability; therefore no student may be admitted to, 
or retained in, the school who does not give reasonable promise of developing into 
an efficient teacher. 

The school offers as thorough a course of academic instruction as time permits 
and the claims of professional training demand. The subjects of the public school 
curriculum are carefully reviewed with reference to methods of teaching. The 
professional training includes the study of physiology and hygiene, and of psy- 
chology from a professional standpoint; the principles of education upon which 
all good teaching is founded; observation and practice in the application of these 
principles; and a practical study of children, under careful direction. In all the 
work of the school there is a constant and persistent effort to develop a true pro- 
fessional spirit, to reveal to the student the wealth of opportunity which is open 
to the teacher, and the grandeur of a life of service. 

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION 

Applications will be accepted from January 1 to June 14 inclusive of the year in 
which the candidate wishes to enter the school. All credentials must be in the 
office of the normal school before June 15. 

On July 1 a statement will be mailed to each candidate: that she is admitted; 
that she is on the waiting list of qualified applicants; or that she has failed to 
qualify. Candidates who, after being informed that they have qualified, decide 
not to enter the school should inform the office of their withdrawal immediately in 
order that others may be admitted from the waiting lists to fill the vacant places. 

In 1927, no place will be held for a student who is not present at the opening of 
the session on Wednesday, September 14, unless she has the previous permission 
of the principal to be absent on that day. 

EVALUATION OF CREDENTIALS 

When the number of qualified applicants on July 1 is in excess of the number that 
can be admitted, the plan for selecting students outlined on page 9 will be in effect. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION 

I. Application foe Admission. — Every candidate for admission to a normal 
school is required to fill out a blank entitled Application for Admission to a State 
Normal School and send it to the principal of the normal school that he desires 
to enter. This blank may be secured from the principal of the high school or 

6 



the normal school, and should be filed as soon after January 1 of the senior year 
of the applicant as is convenient, and, together with other necessary blanks must 
be filed before June 15 of that year. 

Under the rules of the Massachusetts Department of Education, applications 
for admission to the normal schools of the State may not be received prior to 
January first of the year in which the candidate desires to be admitted. Appli- 
cations for succeeding years may be renewed under the same condition. 

II. Blanks to be filed by the High School Principal. 1 — The principal 
of the high school last attended is expected to fill out two blanks, one giving the 
High School Record, and the other a Rating of Personal Characteristics, and 
send them to the principal of the normal school so that he will receive them before 
June 15. 

III. General Qualifications. — Every candidate for admission as a regular 
student must meet the following requirements: — 

1. Health. — The candidate must be in good physical condition and free from 
any disease, infirmity, or other defect that would unfit him for public school teach- 
ing. Each applicant must pass a satisfactory physical examination before final 
admission can be gained. 

2. High School Graduation. — The candidate must be a graduate of a standard 
four-year high school, or have equivalent preparation. 

3. Completion of fifteen units of High School Work. — The High School Record 
must show the completion of fifteen units accepted by the high school in meeting 
graduation requirements, a unit being defined as follows : — 

A unit represents a year's study in any subject in a secondary school, so planned 
as to constitute approximately one-fourth of a full year of work for a pupil of 
normal ability. To count as a unit, the recitation periods shall aggregate approx- 
imately 120 sixty-minute hours. Time occupied by shop or laboratory work counts 
one-half as much as time in recitation. 

4. Personal Characteristics. — The Rating of Personal Characteristics and the 
moral character of the candidate, must, in the judgment of the principal of the 
normal school, warrant the admission of the candidate. 

IV. Scholarship Requirements. — Of the fifteen units presented for admis- 
sion, at least ten must be selected from the list given below in Section V, and 
must be of a satisfactory grade as determined by certification or examination. 
Three of these ten units must be in English and one in American history and civics. 
(Applicants for admission to the practical arts curriculum of the Fitchburg Normal 
School may substitute evidence of practical experience in some industrial pursuit 
to meet a part of the above requirements.) 

1. Certification. — Credit by certification may be granted in any subject in 
which the candidate has secured a certifying mark (A or B) in the last year for 
which such credit is claimed, provided that the student is a graduate of a Class A 
high school or is in the upper half 2 of the graduating class of a Class B high school. 

2. Examination. — Any candidate not securing credit by certification for ten 
units must secure credit for the remaining number of units by examination in 
subjects chosen from the list in Section V. 

3. Candidates are not to present themselves for examination in subjects not 
pursued during the last four years of the secondary school. 

V. List of Subjects for Certification or Examination 

Required (4 units) 

English, literature, and composition ......... 3 

American history and civics ........... 1 

1 These forms should be obtained from the office of the Department of Education. 

2 The upper half of a graduating class shall, for this purpose, consist of those pupils who 
have obtained the highest rank as determined by counting for each pupil in the graduating 
class the number of units in which he has secured the mark of B increased by twice the number 
of units in which he has secured the mark of A. 



8 



Elective (6 units) 

The candidate may make up the total of six elective units from any combination 
of the subjects listed below, except that these units must be so distributed that 
the number offered in any field shall not exceed the limits set for it, and with the 
proviso that the minimum total amount offered in any one of these six fields shall 
be one unit, for the class entering in September, 1927, and thereafter. 

Social studies, 1 to 3 units Units 

Community civics . . . . . . . . . . . i/£ or 1 

History to about 1700 . 1 

European history since 1700 ......... 1 

Economics ............ Yi 

Problems of democracy . . . . . . . . . . y 2 or 1 

Ancient history ........... 1 

English history ........... 1 

Medieval and modern history ......... 1 

Science, 1 to 3 units 

General science . . . . . . . . . . . ^ or 1 

Biology, botany, or zoology y 2 or 1 

Chemistry ............ 1 

Physics ............ 1 

Physical geography y 2 or 1 

Physiology and hygiene . . . . y 2 or 1 

Foreign language, 2 to 4 units 

Latin 2, 3, or 4 

French 2 or 3 

Spanish ............. 2 

German . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 or 3 

Mathematics, 1 to 3 units 

Algebra ............. 1 

Geometry ............ 1 

Arithmetic . . . . . . . . . . . .1 

College review mathematics ......... 1 

Commercial subjects, 1 to 2 units 

Stenography (including typewriting) . . . . . . 1 or 2 

Bookkeeping ............ 1 

Commercial law ........... 3^ 

Commercial geography . . . . . . . . . . }/£ or 1 

Fine and practical arts, 1 to 2 units 

Home economics . . . . . . . . . . . 1 or 2 

Manual training* ........... 1 

Drawing** ............ 1 

* To be accepted for the practical arts course at Fitchburg and Massachusetts School of 
Art only. 

** A maximum of two units will be accepted for admission to the Massachusetts School 
of Art. 

Additional (5 units) 

The five additional units, necessary in order to make up the fifteen units required 
for admission, may consist of any work which the high school accepts as meeting 
its graduation requirements. 

VI. Place, Time, and Division of Examinations. — Entrance examina- 
tions may be taken in June and September at any state normal school (including 
the Massachusetts School of Art) at the convenience of the applicant. A candidate 
may take all the examinations at one time or divide them between June and Septem- 
ber. Students who have completed the third year in a secondary school may take 
examinations in not more than five units other than English, in either June or 
September. Permanent credit will be given for any units secured by examination 
or certificate. 



9 

VII. Admission as Advanced Students. — A graduate of a normal school or 
of a college may be admitted as a regular or advanced student, under conditions 
approved by the Department. 

VIII. Admission of Special Students. — When any normal school, after the 
opening of the school year, can accommodate additional students, the commis- 
sioner may authorize the admission as a special student of any mature person 
recommended by the principal as possessing special qualifications because of ex- 
ceptional and vital experience and achievement outside of school. Special students 
are not candidates for diplomas or degrees until they qualify as regular students, 
but they may receive certificates from the department upon the satisfactory 
completion of the work of any curriculum. 

EVALUATION OF CREDENTIALS 

When the number of qualified applicants on July 1 for any of the normal 
schools or the Massachusetts School of Art is in excess of the number that can be 
admitted, the scholarship record and the ratings of personal characteristics of all 
applicants for that school will be evaluated in accordance with the method given 
below. Candidates will then be admitted in the order of their total scores up to 
the capacity of the school. 

The existing rules with reference to the distribution and certification of subjects, 
as stated on pages 7-9 of this catalog, will still be in force. When the selective 
process is found necessary, an evaluation of the scholarship and personality records 
of students, as received from the high schools, will be made on the following basis: 

(a) Scholarship will be allowed 75 points for 15 units of work. 

(b) Personality will be allowed 25 points. 

As a basis of computing the total score from the scholarship record, marks will 
be evaluated as follows: A, 5 points; B, 4 points; C, 3 points; D, 2 points. (For 
the system of marking, see the Manual for High Schools, page 24) . 

As a basis of computing the personality record, which includes ten characteristics, 
exclusive of health, ratings will be evaluated as follows: excellent, 23^ points; good, 
2 points; fair, 1% points; poor, 1 point. 

Health: Each applicant must pass a satisfactory physical examination before 
final admission can be gained. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION TO THE COMMERCIAL 

DEPARTMENT* 

The requirements for admission to the prescribed course of four years which 
leads to the degree of bachelor of science in education are the same as for students 
who apply for admission to the elementary and junior high, departments. 

Graduates of normal schools or colleges, and graduates of approved commercial 
schools who present either diplomas from approved high schools or the equivalent 
and who have had at least one year's experience in teaching or in business, and 
other persons presenting evidence of proper fitness and of at least two years of 
satisfactory experience in teaching or in business, may be admitted to a special 
elective course of two years if conditions in the department permit. 2 An appro- 
priate certificate will be granted to students who complete such a course. 

CONDITIONS OF GRADUATION 

The following is quoted from the regulations of the State Department of Educa- 
tion for the administration of the normal schools : 

Each student who has faithfully and honorably completed a full course of study 
in a normal school, shall, upon recommendation of the principal of the school, and 

1 The study of commercial subjects in the secondary school is not a prerequisite for admis- 
sion to this department. 

2 At present, the enrollment in the four-year course is so large as to leave no room for 
students in shorter courses. 



10 

with the approval of the commissioner, receive a diploma of graduation or a degree. 
Graduates of standard colleges or normal schools may receive a diploma from the 
elementary or junior high school departments upon the completion of a year of 
satisfactory work. No diploma or degree will be given until (1) all required work 
shall have been accomplished and (2) a rank of C or better is secured in seventy-five 
per cent of the final marks in the curriculum. 

The satisfactory accomplishment of the academic work of the course does not 
constitute a complete title to the diploma of the school. The power of the student 
to teach — judged from his personality and his efficiency in practice teaching — 
is so important that one who is manifestly unable to do so will not be graduated 
whatever his academic standing may be. 

COURSES FOR TRAINING TEACHERS OF ATYPICAL CHILDREN 

Courses for Teachers of Retarded Children. — A state law approved 
July 1, 1919, provides that all towns having ten children three or more years 
retarded "shall establish special classes to give such children instruction adapted 
to their mental attainments. " There are nearly four hundred classes of this type 
in the state at present. The State Normal School at Salem aims to supply the 
rapidly increasing demand for teachers of these classes and offers a course three 
years in length for their training; this includes substantially the work prescribed 
for the two-year elementary course, but with a differentiation beginning in the 
second year. (See the curriculum, page 15.) It will include, in addition to the 
specialized courses in psychology, methods, mental testing, etc., courses in hand 
work and design; shop work, gardening, and printing; simple cooking and sewing. 
Each of the courses in hand work will receive two hours a week for twenty-four 
weeks. Following preliminary observation and participation under supervision in 
the special class in the training school, twelve weeks of practice will be required. 
The greater part of the practice will be in special classes in Salem, Reading, and 
other cities within the metropolitan area; there will also be observation and a 
limited amount of practice in the Walter E. Fernald State School at Waltham. 
Observation and practice in the regular grades in the training school will be included 
in the curriculum of the second year. 

Course for Teachers of the Deaf. — A course is offered for a limited 
number of students to train as teachers for the deaf. This course consists of two 
years of training in the elementary department at the normal school with observa- 
tion in the Horace Mann School for the Deaf in Boston, and observation and 
practice teaching in the Beverly School for the Deaf and the day class for the deaf 
at Lynn. A third year is spent in the Clarke School for the Deaf, Northampton. 
In addition to the diploma of the two-year elementary course from the riormal 
school, a special certificate is awarded by the Clarke School for the Deaf. 

THE OBSERVATION AND TRAINING DEPARTMENT 

The Elementary Department. — In co-operation with the school committee 
of the city of Salem, the normal school maintains a training school, which includes 
grades I-VIII, a special class, and a kindergarten. The training school is con- 
ducted in a modern building especially designed for its purpose. Besides thirty 
classrooms it contains an assembly hall, a library, and rooms for printing, book- 
binding, the practical arts, and the household arts. 

In planning the instruction in this school the aim is to connect it as closely as 
possible with the work in the normal school, to the end that its methods may exem- 
plify the theory given in the normal school courses. A considerable part of the 
instruction in the training school is either supervised or actually given by normal 
school teachers, and the work in the normal school in particular subjects, as well 
as in the theory of education, is based largely on directed observation in the training 
department. 

In preparing students for responsible practice teaching, they are brought into 
contact with the training school during their first year in the normal school. Ob- 



11 

servation of teaching is carefully directed by the grade supervisors; written reports 
of different types of lessons taught by the supervisors are made by the students; 
and students participate in school activities so far as this seems feasible. Students 
are given the opportunity for such a series of directed observation lessons in as 
wide a range of grades as possible. General problems of classroom procedure are 
discussed with them by the director. The aim of the work is to develop a feeling 
for the problems of teaching, some familiarity with its technique, and some intel- 
ligent notion on the part of students as to the grades in which they would like to 
do their practice teaching. 

For one-fourth of their senior year, students are assigned to the training school 
for practice teaching under the direction of the grade supervisors who are respon- 
sible for the progress and discipline of pupils and the continuity and efficiency of 
the lesson preparation and classroom instruction of the student teachers, subject 
to the general direction and advice of the director of the school. 

Opportunity is provided for students who intend to teach in the first grade to 
observe in the kindergarten, in order that they may become familiar with the 
theory and methods of the kindergarten and its relation to the rest of the ele- 
mentary school system. 

Facilities for practice teaching are also provided in selected schools in Haverhill, 
Lexington, and Reading. Seniors also secure a considerable amount of additional 
experience in teaching as substitutes in Salem and in other towns and cities in 
the vicinity of the school. 

The Junior High School Department. — Students who are preparing to 
teach in the junior high school spend one-fourth of the sophomore and one-fourth 
of the senior year in practice teaching. A part of this time is spent in the junior 
high schools of Lynn, Chelsea, Reading, and Somerville. In these schools the 
practice is carried on under the personal supervision of the director of the training 
department, and the teachers and supervisory officers of the several schools. 

The Commercial Department. — The necessary opportunity for observation 
and practice teaching for students in this department is afforded in approved 
high schools with which arrangements for supervision have been made. 

Students are required to spend one-half of the third year of the course in office 
work, for pay, under actual business conditions, in positions which have been 
approved by the school; and their work in these positions must be of such a char- 
acter, both in quality and in variety, that it may be accepted for credit toward 
the degree of the department. In accordance with the rule of the Department 
of Education, this half year of pracitcal experience must be completed not less 
than one year prior to the end of the school course. 



12 



CURRICULA 

A. Elementary Department 

Designed for students preparing to teach in the first six grades of elementary schools 

A period is fifty minutes in length 







Number of 


Periods weekly of — 


Name and Number of 








Course 


Weeks 


Class 


Laboratory 


Outside 






Work 


or 

Teaching 


Preparation 


First Year 










English Language 1 . 


19 


3 


- 


3 hours 


English Language 8 \ 










English Language 9 > 


38 


3 


- 


4 hours 


Literature 1 J 










Arithmetic 1 


38 


3 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Geography 1 


38 


3 


Occasional 
field trips 


3 hours 


History and Social Science 1 


r 19 


2 


- 


2 hours 




1 19 


3 


- 


3 hours 


Music 1 . . . 


38 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Music 4 . 


38 


1 


- 


None 


Education 1 


38 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Library Study .... 


19 


1 


- 


1 to 2 hours 


Drawing and Handwork 1 . 


38 


2 


- 


1 hour 


Physical Education 6 


38 


1 


- 


V/2 hours 


Physical Education 1 


38 


2 


- 


None 


Education 11 


19 


1 


1 


1 hour 




23 and 24 


1 


19 to 21 hours 


Second Year 








English Language 2 . 


28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Literature 2 . . . . 


28 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


History and Social Science 2 


28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Physical Education 4 


28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Music 2 . 


28 




- 


1 hour 


Music 4 . 




28 




- 


None 


Education 2 




28 




- 


2 hours 


Education 9 




28 






1 hour 


Education 13 




28 




- 


1 hour 


English Language 10 




28 


2 


- 


1 hour 


Nature Study 




28 


4 


- 


4 hours 


Physical Science 1 




28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Drawing and Handwork 2 . 


28 


3 


- 


2 hours 


Physical Education 2 


28 


2 


.- 


None 


Education 6 . . . 


10 


- 


Entire time 


15 hours 






26 




22 to 23 hours 



13 

B. Junior High School Department 
Designed for students preparing to teach in grades 7 and 8 and in junior high schools 









Number of 


Periods weekly of — 


Name and Number of 




Laboratory 




Course 


Weeks 


Class 


or 


Outside 






Work 


Teaching 


Preparation 


First Year 










Identical with first year of A 1 










Second Year 










English Language 4 . 


28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Literature 8 




28 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Arithmetic 2 




28 


2 


- 


1 to 2 hours 


Geography 2 




28 


2 


Occasional 
field trips 


2 hours 


History and Social Science 3 




28 


2 


2 hours 


Music 3 . 




28 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Music 4 . 






28 


1 


- 


None 


Biological Science 1 . 






28 


4 


- 


4 hours 


Physical Science 2 






28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


English Language 11 . 






28 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Drawing and Handwork 3 






28 


3 


- 


2 hours 


Physical Education 3 






28 


2 


- 


None 


Education 7 






10 


- 


Entire time 


15 hours 




24 


- 


19 to 21 hours 


Third Year 








English Language 3 . 


28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Literature 7 






28 


2 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Music 4 . 






28 


1 


- 


None 


Education 3 






28 


3 


- 


3 hours 


Education 9 






28 


1 


- 


1 hour 


Physical Education 5 






28 


2 


- 


2 hours 


Physical Education 3 






28 


2 


- 


None 


Education 7 






10 


- 


Entire time 


15 hours 


and approximately 12 periods 










elected from the following: 






, 




Literature 6 


28 


3 


- 


3 to 4 hours 


History 4 . 






28 


4 


- 


4 hours 


Arithmetic 4 






28 


3 


- 


2 to 3 hours 


Geography 3 






28 


5 


- 


5 hours 


Geography 7 , 






28 


3 


- 


3 hours 


Drawing and Handwork 4 






28 


4 


- 


2 hours 


Biological Science 2 . 






28 


3 


- 


3 hours 


Physical Science 






28 




6 





1 Except that students in this course will be in a division by themselves and the work will 
be considered from the standpoint of the junior high school. 



14 



C. Commercial Department 

Designed for students' preparing to teach in high schools of commerce or commercial 
departments in high schools and leading to the degree of bachelor of science in education 









Number of 


Periods weekly of — 


Name and Number of 






Course 


Weeks 


Class 


Outside 






Work 


Preparation 


First Year 








English Language 5 . . . 


38 


2 


2 hours 


Shorthand 7 






38 


4 


5 hours 


Typewriting 1 






38 


4 


None 


History and Social Science 7 






38 


3 


3 hours 


Geography 4 .... 






38 


2 


2 hours 


General Science .... 






38 


2 


2 hours 


Bookkeeping 1 






38 


3 


4 hours 


Education 4 






38 


2 


3 hours 


English Language 12 . 






38 


1 


1 hour 


Physical Education 6 . 






38 


1 


\}/2 hours 


Music 4 .... 






38 


1 


None 


Physical Education 7 . 






38 


1 


None 




26 


24 hours 


Typewriting la 1 ...... 


38 


2 


None 


Office Training l 1 


38 


4 


3 hours 


English Language 17 1 . 


38 


2 


2 hours 


Second Year 








English Language 6 


35 


2 


2 to 3 hours 


Shorthand 8 






35 


3 


3 hours 


Typewriting 2 






35 


3 


1 hour 


History and Social Science 10 






35 


2 


2 hours 


Arithmetic 3 






35 


2 


3 hours 


Geography 6 






35 


4 


4 hours 


Bookkeeping 2 . . . 






35 


3 


4 hours 


Education 10 






19 


3 


3 hours 


Salesmanship 1 . 






19 


3 


3 hours 


Music 4 






35 


1 


None 


Physical Education 7 . 






35 


1 


None 




24 


22 to 23 hours 


Third Year 








History and Social Science 9 ... 


19 


3 


3 hours 


History and Social Science 8 






19 


3 


3 hours 


Business 1 . 






19 


3 


3 hours 


Education 17 






19 


3 


3 hours 


Salesmanship 2 . 






19 


2 


2 hours 


English Language 15 . 






19 


2 


2 hours 


Music 4 






19 


1 


None 


Physical Education 7 . 






19 


1 


None 


Business 6 . 






19 


- 


. 


and either 












Business 3 . 






19 


2 


2 hours 


Bookkeeping 6 






19 


3 


3 hours 


or 
Shorthand 6 . . . 






19 


3 


4 hours 


Typewriting 6 






19 


3 


None 








23 or 24 


21 or 20 hours 



1 Under certain conditions, these courses may be substituted for Shorthand 7 and Type- 
writing 1. See pages 18, 30 and 31. 



15 



C. Commercial Department — Concluded 





Number of 


Periods 


weekly of — 


Name and Number of 






Course 


Weeks 


Class 


Outside 






Work 


Preparation 


Fourth Year 








Literature 4 ...... 


30 


2 


2 to 3 hours 


English Language 7 .... 


30 


1 


1 hour 


English Language 16 


30 


1 


1 hour 


History and Social Science 11 


30 


2 


2 hours 


English Language 13 . 


20 


1 


1 hour 


Education 5 ...... 


30 


2 


2 hours 


Education 18 ..... 


30 


2 


2 hours 


Business 2 . 


30 


2 


2 hours 


Music 4 ...... 


30 


1 


None 


Physical Education 7 . 


30 


1 


None 


Education 8 ...... 


8 


- 


- 


and either 








Business 4 . 


19 


3 


3 hours 


Business 5 . 


11 


3 


3 hours 


Bookkeeping 3 ..... . 


30 


4 


4 hours 


Shorthand 9 ...... 


19 


3 


3 hours 


Typewriting 3 ..... . 


11 


3 


2 hours 


Office Training 3 ..... 


30 


4 


6 hours 




22 


20 or 22 hours 



D. Atypical Children Department 
Designed for students preparing to teach in special classes and in schools for the deaf 





Number of 
Weeks 


Periods weekly of — 


Name and Number of 
Course 


Class 
Work 


Laboratory 

or 
Teaching 


Outside 
Preparation 


For Special Classes 

First Year 
Identical with first year of A 

Second Year 
Identical with second year of A, 

with the addition of Education 

12 

Third Year 
Education 12 
Education 14 
Education 15 
Cooking and sewing 2 
Shop Work, Printing, Gardening 
Handwork; design 

Education 19 


24 

24 
24 
24 
24 
24 

12 


4 
4 
3 

2 
2 
2 


Entire 
time 


4 hours 
4 hours 
3 hours 
As required 
by the sev- 
eral instruc- 
tors 



Continued directed observation and practice in the special class 



16 

For Schools for the Deaf. 

First and second years. Identical with A, with the addition, in the second 
year, of four weeks of directed observation and practice in schools for the deaf 
for the purpose of affording an intelligent basis for a decision as to whether a 
course in the Clark School for the Deaf will be elected. 

Third year. To be spent in training in the Clark School for the Deaf, North- 
ampton, Massachusetts. 

Courses for elementary school teachers are marked A; for junior high school 
teachers, B; for commercial teachers, C; for teachers of atypical children, D. 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE 

English Language 1. (A, B) Composition. — Miss Lyons. 
First year. Nineteen weeks, three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

Intensive, practice in oral and written forms to develop a clear and forceful 
expression. Special stress upon the technique determined by the felt needs of the 
student as revealed in the program of the work. Reports and discussion of stu- 
dents' needs; directed reading; oral and written exercises; criticism; conferences, 
required and optional. 

English Language 2. (A) Teaching of English in the first six grades. 
— Miss Lyons. 
Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The teaching of essentials in oral and written composition in the elementary 
school with special emphasis upon sentence sense, paragraph structure, and dis- 
criminating use of words. Development of standards for teaching composition 
through (1) directed reading in the teaching of English; (2) directed observation 
of graded teaching lessons ; participation in the planning and teaching of illustrative 
lessons; criticism and discussion; (3) critical study of language books for the 
elementary grades. 

English Language 4. (B) Teaching of English in grades 7 and 8 and 
in junior high school. — Miss Lyons. 

Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Advanced study of oral and written forms to develop ability in correct and 
artistic expression. An effort will be made to correlate this work with the courses 
in literature, history, education, hygiene, and geography. 

English Language 3. (B) Composition. Discussion, reading, themes, criti- 
cism, conference. — Miss Lyons. 
Third year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The teaching of oral and written composition in the junior high school through 
(1) directed reading in the teaching of English; (2) participation in the planning 
and teaching of lessons which apply the best in recent educational theory of the 
teaching of English; (3) critical study of English text books for the junior high 
school. 

English Language 5. (C) Rhetoric and composition. Themes, criticism, 
dictation, correction of papers, conference. — Miss Harris. 
First year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Study of the paragraph; the sentence (including grammar); words; the study of 
models; oral and written composition; spelling and definition; punctuation and 
capitalization. Aims: clear thinking and effective speech and writing. 



17 

English Language 6. (C) Exposition, description, narration. — Miss 
Harris. 

Second year. Two class periods and two to three hours of preparation weekly, 
and frequent conferences. 

Collecting and organizing material and presenting it in oral or written form. 
Reading specimens of prose composition; guidance in reading for recreation. Many 
short and frequent long themes; training in securing and holding the attention of 
the class by reading aloud; giving abstracts of stories and of other reading; criticism; 
discussion. Aims: clear, full, and interesting presentation. 

English Language 7. (C) Business English and correspondence. — Miss 
Brennan. 

Fourth year. One class period and one and one-half hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to give the student a thorough training in business letter- writing. The 
work of the second half-year includes telegrams, cablegrams, postal service, and 
printer's marks. 

English Language 8. (A, B) Methods op teaching reading in grades 
1 and 2. — Miss Porter. 

First year. Twelve weeks. Two class periods and two hours of preparation 
weekly. 

A course dealing with the "learning to read" stage, and phonetics. 

English Language 9. (A, B) Reading and story telling. — Miss Porter. 
First year. Twenty-six weeks. Two class periods and two hours of preparation 
weekly. 

A course in the technique of reading and story telling which aims to meet both 
the personal and the professional needs of the student. The reading problems of 
grades 3 to 6, inclusive, are emphasized by means of observation, discussion, and 
practical plan-making. 

For the junior high freshmen, the reading problems of the junior high school 
grades are emphasized. 

English Language 10. (A) Practice and methods course in penmanship 

FOR TEACHERS OF THE FIRST SIX GRADES. — Mr. DONER. 

Second year. Two class periods and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to train students to write well on paper and on the blackboard, in order 
that they may possess the skill required to teach penmanship in the first six grades. 
Demonstration lessons before classes are required which give the student confidence 
and ability to teach. Class discussion of the best methods for securing the maxi- 
mum of results in the minimum of time. 

English Language 11. (B) Practice and methods course in penmanship 

FOR TEACHERS IN GRADES 7 AND 8 AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. — Mr. DONER. 

Second year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 
Aims and methods as in English Language 10. 

English Language 12. (C) Beginner's course in penmanship. — Mr. 
Doner. 

First year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to develop letter-form and freedom of movement. 



IS 
English Language 13. (C) Advanced couese in penmanship to perfect 

FORM AND CONTROL OF MOVEMENT. — Mr. DONER. 

Fourth year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Training in three special branches of handwriting : ornamental, engrosser's script, 
and lettering. The aim is to assist students in simple engrossing work for diploma 
and certificate use. 

English Language 15. (C) Penmanship. — Mr. Doner. 

One-half of third year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Application of penmanship to various uses in office work. 

English Language 16. (C) Parliamentary procedure and public speak- 
ing. — Miss Brennan. 
Fourth year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

The conduct of public assemblages, speech composition, forms of public address, 
persuasion, processes of argument and refutation. 

English Language 17. (C) Miss Harris. 

First year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Students entering with satisfactory knowledge and skill in shorthand and type- 
writing may substitute this course with Office Training 1 and Typewriting la for 
Shorthand 7 and Typewriting 1. 

LITERATURE 

Literature 1. (A, B) Children's literature. — Miss Porter. 
First year. Thirty-eight weeks. One class period and two hours of preparation 
or observation weekly. 

Aims: to lead to an acquaintance with and appreciation of subject-matter; to give 
an opportunity to study its use in the first six grades of the elementary school; and 
to give practice in selecting and organizing material for use in these grades. 

For the junior high freshmen, the course includes literature suited for the junior 
high school grades and emphasis is placed upon that work. 

Literature 2. (A) Appreciation of literature. — Miss Harris. 

Second year. Two class periods and two to three hours of preparation weekly. 

This course aims to broaden the student's appreciation of literature and to give 
him help in selecting books for his general reading. Both standard and current 
writers are studied. The topics covered are: the enjoyment of poetry; how to tell 
a good novel; how to produce a play; the selection of biographies and other books 
of inspiration. Each student chooses his own subject and writes during the year 
three long themes suggested by the main topics of the course, or the equivalent. 

Literature 3. (B) Teaching of literature in grades 7 and 8 and junior 
high school. — Miss Porter. 
Second year. Two class periods and two to three hours of preparation weekly. 

This course, which takes up methods of classroom work, embraces studies in 
poetry, in popular stories and standard books, together with the means of arousing 
in children an appreciation for literature and of cultivating in them the habit of 
reading good books. 

Literature 4. (C) General literature. — Miss Harris. 
Fourth year. Two class periods and two to three hours of preparation weekly. 
Occasional papers. 

Aim: to arouse a keener appreciation and enjoyment of good literature. The 
various literary types are studied with their best representative authors, and some 
attention is given to historical development. Works of authors of admitted 
superiority are used to establish a standard of comparison, and these are followed 
by a study of contemporary writers. 



19 

Literature 6. (B) Advanced course in teaching literature. — Miss Harris. 
Third year. Three recitations and from three to four hours of preparation 
weekly. Elective. 

This course is for students who wish to specialize in teaching literature in the 
junior high school. Its aim is to give a background for the work which is both 
academic and professional. Some of the subjects covered are: the great epics,, 
ballads and other forms of lyrical poetry, modern poetry, current essays, the 
philosophy of the short story with methods for their presentation in the junior high 
school. 

Literature 7. (B) Studies in literary movements. — Miss Harris. 
Third year. Two recitations and two to three hours of preparation weekly. 

The aim of this course is both cultural and professional: to make the student 
acquainted with great literary works, and to help him to appreciate the literary 
changes which keep pace with social ideals. The course includes a knowledge of 
the technique of the drama, and a study of stage craft; a teaching presentation of 
Skakespeare's plays; a study of the development of the English novel and biography;, 
modern poetry. 

LIBRARY STUDY 

Library Study. (A, B) A course in the technical knowledge and use 
or libraries. — Miss Bell. 

One-half of first year. One class period and one to two hours of preparation- 
weekly. 

Aims : to bring students into close touch with the school library, show its resources 
and train to their efficient use; to encourage observation and practice in the home 
public library; to develop and foster the right attitude towards books and libraries. 
Topics: decimal classification; arrangement on the library shelf; card catalogue;, 
magazine index; book index and table of contents; reference books; investigation 
of a subject in a library; government publications; book selection and buying; the 
general principles of classification and cataloguing; relations between the public 
library and the public school. 

HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE 

History and Social Science 1. (A) Methods of teaching history in the 
elementary school. — Miss FitzHugh. 

First year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly for one-half 
year; three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly for one-half year. 

Discussion of aims and courses of study. Working acquaintance with the 
illustrative material of the field. Lesson planning, projects. Field trips. 

History and Social Science 2. (A) Miss FitzHugh. 

Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

First half year. Methods in teaching history in the first six grades: Discussion 
of aims and courses of study. Lesson planning. Projects. Socialized recitation. 
Standardized tests as applied to history. Field trips. Observation in the grades. 
Practice teaching. 

Second half year. Methods in teaching community civics in the first six grades : 
Discussion of aims, methods, courses for first six grades. Close correlation with 
other subjects. Emphasis on the practical side, showing how under proper guid- 
ance pupils may profitably assume the responsibility of their conduct at work and 
at play, in school and at home. Field trips. Discussion of books and material 
available. Building up a civics library and laboratory. 



20 
History and Social Science 3. (B) Methods in teaching history and 

SOCIAL SCIENCE IN GRADES 7 AND 8 AND JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. — Miss CrUTTENDEN. 

Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Development of general world history as it pertains to and explains American 
history from 1783 to the present. Discussion of aims, methods, and material in 
teaching history. 

History and Social Science 4. (B) Problems in present-day democracy 

FOR JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. — Miss CRUTTENDEN. 

Third year. Four class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. Elective. 

Current events: Work based on current newspapers and magazines. Emphasis 
placed on material and methods suitable for junior high school. 

Community civics: Study of aims, courses, materials, and methods for junior 
high school. 

History and Social Science 7. (C) History of commerce. Miss Crut- 

TENDEN. 

First year. Three class periods and three hours of prepartaion weekly. 

Survey of field of commerce from ancient times to the present. Special emphasis 
on emergence of present-day problems from past inheritances. Study of causes 
and effects. Stress on the importance of commercial relations to a people's progress 
and to their institutions at all times. 

History and Social Science 8. (C) Economics. Contemporary economic 

PROBLEMS. Miss CRUTTENDEN. 

One-half of third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

Principles of economics. Emphasis on the theoretical side with practical appli- 
cation whenever possible. 

History of Social Science 9. (C) Commercial law. — Mr. Phillips. 
One-half of third year. Three class periods and three hours preparation weekly. 

An inductive study of the application of the principles of justice to ordinary 
commercial relationships, aiming to develop a judicial habit of mind in the con- 
sideration of business affairs, and to acquaint the student, by the use of the case 
method, with interpretations governing business relationships. 

History and Social Science 10. (C) Present-day problems. — Miss 
FitzHugh. 

Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A study of current news. Work based on newspapers and magazines, with 
discussions concerning policies of papers, methods of getting news, publicity, public 
opinion. Opportunity will be given for individual investigation of some present- 
day problems, with emphasis on their industrial and commercial phases. 

History and Social Science 11. (C) Contemporary economic problems. 
— Miss Cruttenden. 

Fourth year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Continuation of work of third year. Discussion of contemporary economic 
problems as developed in current literature and through personal investigation. 

History and Social Science 12. (B) Methods of teaching history in 
the junior high school. — Miss Cruttenden. 

First year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly for one-half 
year; three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly for one-half year. 

Development of general world history as it pertains to and explains American 
history from the period of discovery to 1783. 



21 

EDUCATION 

Education 1. (A, B) First course in psychology. — Mr. Rockwell. 
First year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The course includes: a brief, popular study of how the nervous system works; the 
influence of inherited tendencies; how we learn; how we break old habits and form 
new ones; observation and conference in the training school. 

Education 2. (A) Educational psychology. — Mr. Rockwell. 
Second year. One class period and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The course includes: aims of elementary education; applications of psychology to 
elementary school subjects; the teacher's part in the whole organization of a school 
system; problems of classroom management; present trends in elementary schools; 
teacher's ideals. 

Education 3. (B) Educational psychology with special reference to 
the junior high school. — Mr. Moody. 
Third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

The larger problems of educational psychology: changes to be made in human 
beings; agencies employed in making these changes; variations in the capacities 
which human beings possess for acquiring the changes; economic methods by which 
the changes may be brought about. A discussion of differentiated curricula ; special 
classes; technique of educational and intelligence tests; efficiency of school methods; 
remedial instruction for deficiencies discovered through the use of tests; psychology 
of school subjects. 

Education 4. (C) First course in the psychology of business.' — Mr. 
Rockwell. 
First year. Two class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

The course includes: a short study of use we make of the nervous system; in- 
herited traits; how we learn; the effect of time and effort in what we practice; 
economy in the mental process used; the power of suggestion. 

Education 5. (C) Pedagogy and its application in commercial teach- 
ing. — Mr. Sproul. 

Fourth year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The course embraces a brief summary of the history of commercial education in 
the United States; the place of commercial training in the high school; recent 
surveys; present status and tendencies; the organization and administration of a 
commercial department; the duties of a director; and special methods in the teach- 
ing of the technical commercial subjects. 

Education 6. (A) Practice teaching. 
Second year. Ten weeks, thirty periods weekly. 

Education 7. (B) Practice teaching. 

Second and third year. Ten weeks, thirty periods weekly. 

Education 8. (C) Practice teaching. 

Fourth year. Eight weeks, thirty periods weekly. 

Education 9. (A, B) Pedagogy. — Mr. Pitman. 

Second year of elementary course; third year of junior high course. One class 
period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

The ends and aims of education; contemporaneous problems in elementary and 
secondary education; special investigations and reports; school organization and 
administration; school laws of Massachusetts; professional ethics. 



22 

Education 10. (C) Educational psychology. — Mr. Rockwell. 
Second half of second year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

A study of the growth and the possibility of development of various mental 
processes. The aim is to present those facts and principles which have direct 
application to the problems of teaching, to inspire the student to a study of their 
application, and to develop the psychological basis of method. 

Education 11. (A, B) Observation and participation in the training 
school. — Mr. Moody and the several grade supervisors. 

One-half of first year. One class period, one observation period and one hour of 
preparation weekly. This is in addition to the observation which is carried on 
in the training school under the direction of the instructors in the several courses 
in the normal school. 

Aims: (1) to introduce the student to the problems of teaching through the study 
of the organization of the routine of the classroom, the program, economy of class- 
room management, discipline, attendance, and lesson plans; (2) the observation 
and the discussion of the teaching of the supervisors with written reports on the 
work observed; and such participation in the work of the training school as seems 
feasible. 

Education 13. (A) Elementary school technique. — Mr. Moody. 
Second year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Problems growing out of teaching; factors that condition teaching; selection 
and organization of subject-matter; formal class period; methods of teaching; 
reconsideration of the psychology of how children learn, the laws of learning; 
forming habits and rote associations; developing the emotions; developing indi- 
viduality; adapting instruction to individual differences; teaching pupils to study; 
measuring results of teaching; tests and standards. 

Education 12. (D) Psychology of subnormal children. — Miss Walker. 
Third year. Four class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. 

The course aims to give a fundamental knowledge of individual differences. 
The scientific study of mental defectives; causes; heredity versus environment; 
preventative measures; identification; classification; organization of education. 

Education 14. (D) Methods. — Miss Walker. 

Third year. Four class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. 

State laws for the establishment of special classes; their history and function; 
organization and equipment. Training of capacities; follow-up work. Visits to 
state institutions. Observation periods in the special class in the training school. 

Education 15. (D) Mental testing. — Miss Walker. 

Third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

Group and individual tests of retarded children. Binet-Simon method studied 
and used; results to help determine classification of children observed in special 
class. State clinics; "ten fields of inquiry"; diagnosis; clinical studies. 

Education 16. (D) Practice teaching. 

Third year. Nine to twelve weeks, thirty periods weekly. 

Practice includes observation and participation in the special class in the training 
school, and also work under supervision in classes for the deaf in Lynn and Beverly. 

Education 17. (C) Commercial education. — Mr. Sproul. 

One-half of third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to develop the principles underlying business education; to acquaint the 
student with the agencies for commercial education; and to review current practices 
in high schools. 



23 

Education 18. (C) Educational and vocational guidance. — Mr. Sproul. 
Fourth year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to acquaint students with the problems and principles of educational and 
vocational guidance, and their importance and application in junior and senior high 
school courses. 

Education 19. (D) Practice teaching. 
Third year. Twelve weeks. 

Observation and participation in special classes in the training school and in 
selected schools elsewhere. 

MUSIC 

Music 1. (A, B) Elementary music. — Mr. Archibald. 
First year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Voice training, music reading, ear training, and writing of symbols used to repre- 
sent the time and tune of music. The subject-matter of this course is practically 
the work of the first six grades of the elementary school. 

Music 2. (A) — Mr. Archibald. 

Second year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to familiarize the students with the music work of the first six grades, and 
to acquaint them with the best ways of presenting the problems. The child voice, 
song interpretation, and part singing are some of the topics discussed. Outlines of 
the grade work are given and teaching plans of the principal subjects are made. 

Music 3. (B) — Mr. Archibald. 

Second year. One class period and one hour of preparation weekly. 

In addition to the work of Music 2 some of the problems of the junior high school 
are studied. 

Music 4. (A, B, C, D) Music appreciation and general singing. — Mr. 
Archibald. 

Required of all students in the school. One class period weekly throughout the 
course. 

Chorus singing, including community music and the study of standard choruses. 
Students receive instruction in the use of the baton and in chorus conducting. Dur- 
ing the year several concerts and lectures are given by professional musicians. 

ART 

Representation, Design, Handwork 

Drawing and Handwork 1. (A, B) — Miss Baird. 

First year. Two class periods and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Drawing: A course in drawing, color, design and art appreciation. 

The course is designed to create and foster a knowledge and appreciation of art. 
There is frequent observation of teaching and methods in the training school. The 
illustrative work is closely related to other studies in the curriculum. A general 
review of work experienced or observed in the public schools is included. 

Handwork: A course dealing with simple projects in industrial arts. 

Aims : to train teachers for the first six grades of elementary schools along prac- 
tical and industrial lines; to give the ability to make, read and apply simple struc- 
tural drawings and patterns; to use simple hand tools; and to apply this knowledge 
of craftsmanship to other studies in the curriculum. There is frequent observation 
of the work in the training school, visits to shops, gardens, etc. 



24 

Drawing and Handwork 2. (A) — Mr. Whitney. 

Second year. Three class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Drawing: A course in drawing, color, design, art appreciation and 

METHODS OF TEACHING. 

Aims: to prepare teachers for the first six grades of elementary schools and to 
cultivate taste and art appreciation. Courses of study are planned and methods 
of teaching are studied and applied in the actual work in the training school. Black- 
board sketching is applied to other studies in the curriculum. 

Handwork: A course dealing with elementary projects in bookbinding, 

WEAVING, ETC. 

As in the previous course the aims are: the ability to make, read and apply 
structural drawings and patterns to the actual construction of simple projects; the 
ability to teach such work in the first six grades in the elementary schools; to appre- 
ciate purpose and fitness and good structural design; and to apply these to all 
industrial work. 

Drawing and Handwork 3. (B) — Mr. Whitney. 

Second year. Three class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Drawing: This course includes harmonies of color to be applied to school pro- 
jects, the interior of the schoolroom or home; plans and color schemes for flower 
gardens, etc.; decorative and structural design; pictorial drawing involving prin- 
ciples of foreshortening and convergence; picture study; nature drawing; and 
blackboard sketching. 

Handwork: A continuation of 1, consisting of more advanced projects, adapted 
to the junior high school; observation and practice in bookbinding, lettering, wood- 
working and the relation of drawing and the crafts to gardening and sewing. 

Drawing and Handwork 4. (B) Methods and practice for students pre- 
paring TO TEACH IN GRADES 7 AND 8 AND THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. — Mr. WHITNEY. 

Third year. Four class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. Elective. 

Drawing : Aims : to offer a general survey of the history of architecture, sculpture, 
and painting; to familiarize the pupils with the work required in the higher grades 
along the lines of drawing, applied design, nature work; and through visits to 
museums, libraries, and historic buildings to cultivate an appreciation of the best 
things in art. The course comprises the preparation and dyeing of papers, reeds 
and fabrics for the work in industrial arts; the making and application of good 
designs in form and decoration; the drawing of trees, plants and details studied in 
the nature course; and the drawing of simple objects and groups in outline, mass 
and color. The major part of the course is devoted to definite school projects, 
methods and practice teaching. 

Handwork: Observation and practice in pattern drawing, projection, and 
development; bookbinding, weaving, modeling, printing, and elementary wood- 
working. The school and home gardens are planned, drawings made to scale, and 
the color schemes applied. 

Drawing and Handwork 5. (D) Handwork and design for students 

PREPARING TO TEACH IN SPECIAL CLASSES. — Mr. WHITNEY. 

Third year. Two class periods weekly, with preparation as required by the 
instructor. 

The course consists of a general review of representation, design, and handwork 
as outlined in the state syllabus on minimum essentials, but applied to the needs of 
teachers of special classes. The representation deals with the construction and 
drawing necessary in all hand work; the design, with the structural, decorative, 
and applied design desirable in such work. The hand work deals with the actual 
construction -of individual school or home projects. The work involves projects in 
bookbinding, box making, weaving of various types, cement work, and similar 
problems in construction. 



25 

Industrial Projects 1. — Mr. Little. Elective. 

A garden, comprising half an acre, is worked on the community basis, and is 
planted entirely to vegetables, which are sold to families living in the vicinity of 
the school and to local dealers. This garden is planted, cared for, and the products 
harvested and marketed, by the boys of the seventh and eighth grades. Normal 
school students observe and assist in this work. 

There is also opportunity for a limited number of students to receive instruction 
in both woodworking and printing. These courses are elective and are given out 
of regular school hours. 

Industrial Projects 2. (D) Shop work, printing, gardening, for students 

PREPARING TO TEACH IN SPECIAL CLASSES. — Mr. LlTTLE. 

Third year. Two .class periods weekly, with preparation as required by the 
instructor. 

The course in shop work consists of simple construction involving the use of 
woodworking tools, based upon appropriate designs. It also includes chair caning 
and other simple household repairs. 

The course in printing includes simple composing, proof taking, stone work, and 
general press work. 

The course in gardening will consist of the study of laying out, selecting seed, 
planting, culture, and harvesting of the common vegetable garden. 

Cooking and Sewing 1. — Miss Adams. Elective. 

The cooking course is designed to give a general knowledge of the principles of 
cooking, food values, preparation of foods, and serving of simple meals. 

The purpose of the sewing course is to teach the student practical application of . 
hand and machine sewing in making simple garments. 

These courses are elective and are given out of regular school hours. 

Cooking and Sewing 2. (D) — Miss Adams. 

Third year. Two class periods weekly, with preparation as required by the 
instructor. 

The course in cooking will include the preparation and serving of simple dishes; 
a study of food classes and balanced meals; and simple school lunches. 

The course in sewing will include the fundamental stitches; simple construction 
processes; and the making of simple garments. 

Gardening 1. (A) — Miss Goldsmith. 

Second year. Constitutes a large part of the work in nature study for the spring 
months. 

Aim: to give practical experience in garden work and acquaint the student with 
methods and devices for carrying on school and home gardens. 

Gardening 3. (B) — Miss Goldsmith. 

Second year. Constitutes the work in nature study for the spring months. 

Aim: to give experience in garden planning and the growing of common crops. 
Methods of cultivation and the care of both vegetables and flowers receive attention. 

Gardening 2. (B) — Miss Goldsmith. 

Third year. Constitutes part of the work in nature study for the spring months. 

Fulfills practically the same conditions as Gardening 1 (A), except that special 
attention is given to kinds of work required in grammar grades or the junior high 
school. 



26 

ARITHMETIC 

Akithmetic 1. (A) Methods of teaching primaky arithmetic. — Miss 
Stone. 
First year. Three class periods and two to three hours of preparation weekly. 

This course takes up a professionalized treatment of subject matter for the first 
six grades of the elementary school; a study of standardized tests; some work in the 
social-economic arithmetic needed by every adult; a brief history of arithmetic to 
explain the present content of arithmetic courses; provision for bringing students up 
to standard skill in fundamental operations; provision for practice in problem 
solving. 

Arithmetic 1. (B) Social-economic arithmetic. — Miss Stone. 

First year. Three class periods and two to three hours of preparation weekly. 

This course contains a brief review of the subject matter of the first six grades; 
a thorough treatment, from the point of view of information rather than computa- 
tion, of the following topics: percentage, banking, thrift, investment, taxes and 
insurance; provision for bringing each student up to standard skill in fundamentals; 
provision for practice in problem solving. 

Arithmetic 2. (B) Methods of teaching arithmetic in grades 7 and 8 

AND IN THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. — Miss STONE. 

Second year. Two class periods and one to two hours of preparation weekly. 

This course takes up courses of study for grades 7 and 8; professionalized treat- 
ment of subject matter for these grades; standardized tests; a brief history of arith- 
metic to explain the present content of arithmetic courses; the teaching of intuitive 
geometry. 

Arithmetic 4. (B) Teaching mathematics in the third year of the 

JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. — MlSS STONE. 

Third year. Three class periods and two to three hours of preparation weekly. 
Elective. 

This course is intended for students who wish to teach mathematics in the third 
year of the junior high school. It takes up phases of geometry, algebra, trigonome- 
try, and a study of statistics adapted to the work. Text-books are reviewed and 
the subject matter covered in a practical way. 

Arithmetic 3. (C) Commercial arithmetic, advanced course. — Miss 
Brennan. 

Second year. Two class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

The course is designed to give a review of elementary principles in arithmetic, 
the application of these principles to commercial work, and methods of handling 
the subject in high schools. 

GEOGRAPHY 

Geography 1. (A) Principles of geography and methods for the ele- 
mentary grades. — Miss Flanders. 

First year. Three class periods, with regular field and laboratory work, and three 
hours of preparation weekly. 

General course in geography showing how man's activities are influenced by the 
physical factors of his environment, such as relief, climate, and natural resources. 
Throughout the course, methods of teaching are discussed, with added emphasis 
in the last part of the year. 



27 

Geography 2. (B) Continental geography. — Miss Flanders. 
Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly, with occa- 
sional field trips. 

This course develops a background for teachers in grades 7 and 8 and the junior 
high school. The continents are studied to build up a knowledge of their life 
relations, and to illustrate various methods of approach and treatment. Acquain- 
tance is made with all of the modern textbooks, readers, and manuals, and with 
other supplementary material. 

Geography 3. (B) Junior high school geography. — Miss Ware. 

Third year. Five class periods, five hours of preparation, and occasional teach- 
ing lessons in the training school. Prerequisites, Geography 1 and Geography 2. 
Elective. 

As this course is primarily to prepare students to teach geography courses of the 
junior high school it includes the following: a study of the great world powers and 
the problems that confront them; commercial and industrial geography; methods 
of teaching geography in the junior high school grades; current geography. 

Geography 4. (C) Principles of geography. — Miss Ware. 
First year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

This course is designed as a foundation for all subsequent geography courses. A 
knowledge of the physiographic factors, their relations to each other, the diverse 
environments of the earth as determined by these relations, and life's responses to 
these diversities are the fundamentals of the science of geography. 

Geography 6. (C) Commercial and industrial geography. — Miss Ware. 
Second year. Four class periods and four hours of preparation weekly, with 
an afternoon every third week for studying a local industry at first hand. 

Aim: to prepare students to become teachers of commercial and industrial 
geography in high schools of New England. A course for high schools is built 
up and discussed, based upon the four fields of commerce and industry: primary 
production, transportation, manufacturing or secondary production, and consump- 
tion. All modern textbooks on the subject are used for reference, and various 
illustrative materials are introduced. The industrial countries are particularly 
studied with especial emphasis upon the United States. Many industries are 
studied by means of motion pictures. 

Geography 7. (B) Junior high school geography. — Miss Ware. 
Third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly, with 
occasional field trips. Prerequisites, Geography 1 and Geography 2. Elective. 

Aim: to prepare students to become teachers of geography in grades 7 and 8 
and the junior high school. A study is made of regional geography for the seventh 
grade through the selection and interpretation of the geographic regions of a type 
continent (usually South America) ; for the eighth or ninth grades a study is made 
of industrial and commercial United States, — its place as a world economic 
power. Considerable attention is paid to the geography of current world events. 

Geography 8. (B) Physical geography. — Miss Ware. 

First year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

This course is designed to furnish a training in the elements of physical geography 
necessary for advanced work in the field of geography. 



28 x 

SCIENCE 

Nature Study. (A) — Miss Goldsmith. 

Second year. Four class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. 

Occasional papers. Laboratory work given in place of regular preparation or 
recitation at the discretion of the instructor. The course is intended to give first- 
hand, working knowledge of the plants and animals of the locality and fit the 
students to teach nature study in the first six grades. Birds, insects, common 
mammals, trees, flowers, fruits, seeds, and germination are among the subjects 
taken. Soils, tillage and fertilizers are studied as an introduction to garden work. 

(See Gardening 1 (A).) 

Biological Science 1. (B) — Miss Goldsmith. 

Second year. Four class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. 

A course primarily intended to lay the foundation for Biological Science 2. Field 
work is done as long as the season permits, and laboratory work during the winter. 
Project work is carried on throughout the year. Students are made familiar with 
the plant and animal life common to the community, particular attention being 
given to the economic aspects. Occasional papers. 

(See Gardening 3(B).) 

Biological Science 1. (B) — Miss Goldsmith. 

Second year. One class period and one to two hours of preparation weekly. 

A course planned primarily to give acquaintance with the material and methods 
used in the upper grades or junior high school. Field work is done whenever possible 
and laboratory work substituted for recitations at the discretion of the instructor. 
Plant and animal life common to the community will be studied, particular atten- 
tion being paid to the economic aspect. Occasional papers. 

Biological Science 2. (B) — Miss Goldsmith. 

Third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. Elective. 

The course is a continuation of Biological Science 1 (B), and is intended to pre- 
pare the student to teach in the grammar grades or the junior high school. It 
consists of recitations, laboratory and field work, discussions and presentations 
by the students, with occasional papers. Special emphasis is laid on research work 
and field trips, and the correlation with other branches of study such as civics, 
geography, English, and physical science. The consideration of such larger topics 
as forestry, the natural resources of a community, etc., form an important part of 
the work. Gardening occupies practically all of the spring term. 

(See Gardening 2 (B).) 

Physical Science 1. (A) — Mr. Whitman. 

Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The course is intended to afford a broad outlook over the field of science and an 
insight into the ways in which science is useful to man. Students report to the 
class the results of their own individual study. The project method is employed 
to a large extent. 

It is recommended that the students put the major part of their time upon those 
science projects which are of special interest to them, or which they have excep- 
tional opportunities to study. The natural interests of different individuals will, 
when brought together, give a course which covers the home, the school, public 
utilities, industries and the world of nature. 

Physical Science 2. (B) — Mr. Whitman. 

Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

This course is organized around the home and community and includes the 
important science principles involved in the human activities of the environment. 
Science as training for citizenship, and the relation of science to civics, are given 
attention. Opportunity for project work by individual students is offered. 



29 

General Science 2. (B) — Mr. Whitman. 

Third year. Three double laboratory periods: equivalent to three hours of 
class work and three hours of preparation weekly. Elective. 

This course aims to prepare one to teach general science in the junior high school. 
The work consists largely in laboratory practice, including experiments, preparation 
of apparatus for demonstration, and devices for teaching in the seventh and eighth 
grades or first year of high school. It also provides teaching practice under super- 
vision in the training school. 

General Science 1. (C) — Mr. Whitman. 

First year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The study of science in everyday life and of science in relation to the arts and 
industries. Students report on investigations or projects in addition to the formal 
class work. Many scientific principles involved in common processes are illustrated 
by demonstration. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

A gymnasium uniform is required of all women students. This may be purchased 
at a minimum cost after entrance to the school. 

Physical Education 1. (A, B) Physical training. — Miss Hale. 
First year. Two gymnasium periods weekly. 

A course in all phases of physical education is given in the first year to improve 
the physical condition of the student. Attention is paid to individual needs, which 
are ascertained from a thorough medical examination given each student upon 
entrance. Material is also given which is adaptable to elementary school teaching, 
— gymnastics, folk dancing, and games. 

Physical Education 2. (A) Physical training. — Miss Wallace. 
Second year. Two gymnasium periods weekly. 

One period a week is devoted to work which is for the benefit of the student 
herself, emphasis being placed on corrective exercises and on the learning of sports 
which may be followed in later life. In the second period, weekly, the student is 
given a comprehensive program of work in physical education for the first six 
grades, with methods and opportunity for practice teaching. 

Physical Education 3. (B) Physical training. — Miss Hale. 
Second and third years. Two gymnasium periods weekly. 

The type of work follows that of Physical Education 1. Games, athletics, folk 
dances, and corrective exercises which are suitable for the child in the junior high 
school are given, with practice teaching of this work. 

Physical Education 4. (A) General hygiene. — Miss Wallace. 
Second year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

A course which further aims to give the student a knowledge of the functioning 
and care of his own body, as well as the newest and best methods of presenting the 
subject of health to children of the elementary school. The study of communicable 
diseases, first aid treatment, and correct sanitation of a school building are included. 

Physical Education 5. (B) Hygiene and sanitation. — Miss Wallace. 
Third year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

To the work of the preceding course is added those phases of hygiene and sani- 
tation which are of most interest to pupils in the seventh and eighth years of school, 
such as public health problems, milk and water supply, sewage disposal, and the 
control of communicable diseases. 



30 

Physical Education 6. (A, B, C) Peksonal hygiene. — Miss Hale. 

First year. One class period and one and one-half hours of preparation weekly. 

The purpose of this course is to aid the student to form right habits of living, and 
to gain some knowledge of the function and care of his own body. 

Physical Education 7. (C) — Miss Hale. 

Each year of commercial course. One gymnasium period weekly. 

The aim of this course is to provide the right kind of regular exercise throughout 
the school years, to stimulate a love of activity which shall continue after school 
years, and to develop the posture, physical poise, and alertness of mind and body 
which are so necessary in the equipment of a teacher. 



SHORTHAND 

Shorthand 7. (C) Gregg. Introductory course. — Miss Edwards. 
First year. Four class periods and five hours of preparation weekly. 

Aims: to teach the principles, wordsigns, and phrases of the system thoroughly; 
to read fluently from copper-plate notes; to develop habits which make for efficiency 
in taking dictation; and to build up a vocabulary usable at the rate of sixty words 
a minute. 

(For conditional substitute for this course, see English language 17, Typewriting 
la and Office Training 1.) 

Shorthand 8. (C) Gregg. Advanced course. — Miss Edwards. 
Second year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

Aims: to drill on fundamentals, to develop a word-carrying capacity; to train 
the student to write from dictation from one hundred to one hundred twenty-five 
words a minute, and to read back or transcribe accurately. 

Shorthand 6. (C) Development of amanuensis capacity. — Miss Edwards. 
Elective. Taken in conjunction with Typewriting 6. 

One-half of third year. Three class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. 

Further development of individual skill in shorthand writing and its practical 
applications. 

Shorthand 9. (C) Gregg. Methods course. — Miss Edwards. 
First half of fourth year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. Elective. 

Aims: to discuss methods of teaching shorthand, of handling dictation and speed 
practice, of correlating shorthand and typewriting through transcription and 
office training; to prepare lists of sources and kinds of supplies and equipment; to 
work out suggestive courses of study for shorthand and office training; to develop 
type lesson plans; and to compare textbooks and shorthand systems. 



TYPEWRITING 

Typewriting 1. (C) Foundation course for beginners. — Miss Badger. 
First year. Four class periods weekly. 

Aim: to make of each student an accurate touch operator by giving a thorough 
knowledge of the keyboard and of the use of the various parts of the machine, and 
by teaching him to write rhythmically. During the last quarter accuracy tests are 
given. 

(For conditional substitute for this course, see English Language 17, Type- 
writing la and Office Training 1.) 



31 

Typewriting la. (C) — Miss Badger. 
First year. Two class periods weekly. 

Aims: to develop an efficient typewriting technique; to develop ideals and ability^ 
in arrangement; and to give a considerable amount of practical experience. (A 
conditional substitute, with English 17 and Office Training 1, for Shorthand 7 and 
Typewriting 1.) 

Typewriting 2. (C) Advanced course. — Miss Badger. 

Second year. Three class periods and one hour of preparation weekly. 

Letter arrangement, tabulation, legal work, specifications, etc. Special attention? 
is given to speed work and transcription from shorthand notes. 

Typewriting 3. (C) Methods course. — Miss Badger. 
Second half of fourth year. Three class periods and two hours of preparations 
weekly for eleven weeks. Elective. 

This course discusses the work of Typewriting 1 and Typewriting 2 from the 
professional viewpoint. General methods are considered; textbooks are examined 
and criticized; courses of study, adapted to different groups of students, are planned. 

Typewriting 6. (C) Amanuensis typing. — Miss Edwards. 
One-half of third year. Three class periods weekly in conjunction with Short- 
hand 6. Elective. 

Aim: increased excellence and attainment of commercial standards in trans- 
cription. 

OFFICE TRAINING 

Office Training 1. (C) Office appliances. — Miss Badger. 

First year. Four class periods and three hours of preparation weekly. 

Students entering with satisfactory knowledge and skill in shorthand and type- 
writing may substitute this course with English language 17 and Typewriting la 
for Shorthand 1 and Typewriting 1. 

Aims : to give the student facility in operating office appliances such as the multi- 
graph, the typesetter, the adding and calculating machines, the dictaphone, the- 
mimeograph and the mimeoscope; also instruction and practice in the various 
methods of filing. 

Office Training 3. (C) Secretarial training. — Miss Edwards. 

Fourth year. Four class periods and six hours of preparation weekly. Elective. 

Duties and responsibilities of the private secretary; personal qualifications; the 
secretary's correspondence, treatment of callers and customers; preparation of 
reports and outlines; use of graphs and charts; preparation of printed documents; 
routine business; reference books and sources of information; relation to office force;; 
the secretary as office manager; organizing the work. 

BOOKKEEPING 

Bookkeeping 1. (C) Introductory course. — Mr. Phillips and Mis& 
Brennan. 

First year. Three class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. 

Aim: to teach elementary principles of accounting, the routine of bookkeeping,, 
and to develop appreciation of business situations and problems. 

The students will be grouped in two sections based on previous preparation, thus; 
permitting advanced students to do more intensive work. 



32 

Bookkeeping 2. (C) Advanced course. — Mr. Phillips. 

Second year. Three class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. 

Special attention is given to principles underlying the construction of accounts 
and their classifications, and the preparation and interpretation of business state- 
ments to show condition and progress of the business. The application of accounts 
to varied lines of work, elements of cost accounting and variations due to form of 
organization are studied. 

Bookkeeping 3. (C) Elementary accounting. — Mr. Phillips. 

Fourth year. Four class periods and four hours of preparation weekly. Elective. 

A comprehensive study of balance sheets and statements of various kinds; a 
detailed consideration of assets and liabilities, depreciation, reserves, surplus, 
capital and revenue expenditures, statements of affairs, deficiency account, realiza- 
tion and liquidation statements; also the study of accounts of non-trading concerns 
as societies, clubs, etc. It includes also a study of the problems, methods, and aims 
of teaching bookkeeping in the high school. 

Bookkeeping 6. (C) Cost accounting. — Mr. Phillips. 
One-half of third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. Elective. 

This course includes factory cost finding, illustrating production records and 
their significance; work in the preparation of technical manufacturing reports, 
business statements and balance sheets. 

SALESMANSHIP 

Salesmanship 1. (C) Retail selling. — Miss Brennan. 
First half of second year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

The study of merchandise, store system, store practice, business ethics, employ- 
ment problems, drill in fundamental operations of selling. 

Students will participate in actual selling, in approved stores, during the month 
between Thanksgiving and Christmas. It is recommended that, when possible, 
students obtain a month or more of selling experience before taking up the course. 

Salesmanship 2. (C) Advanced salesmanship and advertising. — Miss 
Brennan. 

One-half of third year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

Aims: to develop the fundamental principles of salesmanship and to show their 
application. To study the relation of advertising to the sales department, other 
departments, and the business as a whole; a general survey of the various depart- 
ments of advertising, including commercial art, display, engraving; periodicals, 
house organs and other media; trade-marks, etc. 

BUSINESS 

Business 1. (C) Business organization and administration. — Mr. Sproul. 
One-half of third year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. 

The study of business as a science; forms of business enterprise; functional 
divisions of production, sales, accounting and finance; problems of management, 
labor and its reward; types of internal organization. 

Business 2. (C) Elements of banking. — Mr. Phillips. 

Fourth year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 

The economic service of banks and banking systems; classification of banks; 
the Federal Reserve system; foreign exchange and credit; the detailed study of the 
internal organization and procedure of a typical bank. 



33 

Business 3. (C) Statistics. — Mr. Sproul. 

One-half of third year. Two class periods and two hours of preparation weekly. 
Elective. 

The course emphasizes the vital importance of statistics in the conduct of busi- 
ness. It discusses the collection and organization of useful data, and various 
methods employed in graphic representation. 

Business 4. (C) Marketing and foreign trade. — Mr. Sproul. 
First half of fourth year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly. Elective. 

A study of the problems involved in theory and practice, with the means and 
methods in current use; present tendencies. 

The work in foreign trade is intended to acquaint the student with the funda- 
mentals and with the approved technique in the handling of foreign trade docu- 
ments. 

Business 5. (C) Transportation. — Mr. Sproul. 

Last half of fourth year. Three class periods and three hours of preparation 
weekly for eleven weeks. Elective. 

Aim: to develop a general idea of the importance of transportation to all business 
activity; to state the problems involved, and to study how they are being met; 
railroads and the shipping public; development of our railroad systems; classifica- 
tions; rates; Interstate Commerce Commission. 

Business 6. (C) Business participation. 
One-half of third year. 

The full time will be spent in supervised participation in business in places 
approved by the school. The class will be divided into two sections, one section 
working in business positions while the other is attending school. 

THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SCHOOL 

Students in a school for the professional training of teachers should be self- 
governing in the full sense of the term. Each student is allowed and is encouraged 
to exercise the largest degree of personal liberty consistent with the rights of 
others. The teachers aim to be friends and leaders. They do not withhold 
advice, admonition and reproof, when needed; but their relations in these respects 
are usually with individuals instead of with classes, and are of the most helpful 
and generous nature. Those students who, after full and patient trial, are found 
unable to exercise self-control and unworthy of confidence, are presumed to be 
unfit or unlikely to become successful teachers; and will be removed from the 
school. Others, also, who through no fault of their own, but in consequence of 
conspicuous inaptitude, or physical or mental deficiencies, are unfit for the work 
of teaching, will be advised to withdraw, and will not be graduated. 

Many matters pertaining to the general welfare of the school are referred for 
consideration to the school council. This is a representative body, consisting 
of the principal, three other members of the faculty, and members chosen by each of 
the several classes. Thus the students, through their representatives, have a 
voice in the management of the school, and also assume their share of the respon- 
sibility for its success. 

Regulations 

1. Regular and prompt attendance at all sessions of the school is expected of 
every student. Those who find it necessary to be absent for more than a single 
day should so inform the principal. For all avoidable absence — including that 
for teaching as substitutes — the permission of the principal must be obtained in 
advance. 



34 

2. Students who are withdrawing from the school must inform the principal of 
their decision, and must return all the books and other property of the school 
which are charged to them. Those who fail to do so promptly must not expect 
any recommendation or indorsement from the school. 

3. Any property of the school which is lost or seriously injured by students must 
be paid for by them. 

4. Although the school has no dormitories, it recommends to students who are 
to live away from their homes, houses in Salem where board and room may be 
obtained at reasonable prices. These houses, in addition to being suitable in other 
respects as homes for students, meet the following conditions which are prescribed 
by the State Department of Education: They receive no boarders other than 
.students and instructors of the normal school; the same house does not receive 
both men and women students; the number of students in each house is limited 
to a small family group. 

All students who board away from their homes during their membership in the 
school are required to live in the houses recommended by the school. Exceptions 
to this rule are made only for those whose parents wish them to live with relatives 
or intimate personal friends; but in such cases the parents must first inform the 
principal of the school of the circumstances, in writing, and receive his approval. 
No final arrangement for board or room may be made without the previous con- 
sent of the principal. No change in room or in boarding place may be made by 
any student without the previous approval of the principal. 

Students living in groups in approved houses are expected to form habits which 
are to the advantage of their own work and that of their companions. The hours 
from seven to nine-thirty in the evening from Monday to Thursday, inclusive, 
should be observed as a period of study. Exceptions to this rule should be made 
only with the previous approval of the principal. Except under unusual condi- 
tions, lights should be out by ten o'clock. If students find it necessary, for any 
reason, to be absent from the house on any evening they should inform their land- 
ladies of their plans. Boarding students may not be absent from the city over 
night without the consent of the principal. 

Those persons who receive our students into their homes, must, of necessity, 
assume responsibility for their conduct in the same measure as would be required 
of teachers or matrons in charge of school dormitories. They are therefore ex- 
pected to report to the principal any inpropriety of conduct on the part of students 
which ought to be known by him or any behavior of theirs which would be con- 
sidered improper in a well-regulated dormitory. 

Expenses, Aid, Loan Funds 

Expenses. — Tuition is free to all residents of Massachusetts. Students ad- 
mitted from other States are required to pay a tuition fee of one hundred dollars 
per year, of which sum one-half is due on the first day of the school year in Sep- 
tember and the other half February 1. An incidental fee of ten dollars, payable 
annually, will be charged all students attending State normal schools. This is due 
on the first day of the school year, and must be paid immediately. Textbooks and 
supplies are free, as in the public schools. Articles used in school work which 
students desire to own will be furnished at cost. The expense of room and board 
for two students rooming together, within easy distance of the school, is from 
•eight dollars each per week upward. 

School Restaurant. — A restaurant is maintained in the building, in which is 
served at noon each school day a good variety of wholesome and attractive food 
at very reasonable prices. 

State Aid. — To assist those students, residents of Massachusetts, who find it 
difficult to meet the expenses of the course, financial aid is furnished by the State 
to a limited extent. Applications for this aid must be made in writing to the 
principal, and must be accompanied by such evidence as shall satisfy him that 
the applicant needs assistance. This money is received at the end of each half of 
the school year. 



35 

Loan Funds. — Through the generosity of members of the faculty and graduates 
of the school several funds have been established, all of which, by vote of the 
Salem Normal School Association, are administered by the principal as loan funds. 
Students may thus borrow reasonable sums of money with which to meet their 
expenses during their connection with the school, and payment may be made at 
their convenience, after they have secured positions as teachers. 

These loan funds were founded by graduates of the school as memorials to Dr. 
Richard G. Edwards, principal from 1854 to 1857; to Professor Alpheus Crosby, 
principal from 1857 to 1865; to Dr. Daniel B. Hagar, principal from 1865 to 1895; 
to Dr. Walter P. Beckwith, principal from 1895 to 1905 and to Mr. J. Asbury 
Pitman, principal from 1906 to the present time. The total amount of money now 
available is about seven thousand dollars. The principal will gladly receive and 
credit to any of the above funds such contributions as graduates and friends of the 
school may be disposed to make. Frequently a little timely financial aid from this 
source may save to the profession an efficient teacher. 



EMPLOYMENT OF GRADUATES 

Although the school can assume no responsibility for securing positions for its 
graduates, there are ample opportunities open in Massachusetts to those students 
who have maintained thoroughly good records in both the normal school and the 
training school. 

The necessity for a rate of salary which will command the services of teachers of 
native ability, thorough training, and a professional attitude toward their work 
has been generally recognized. Towns and cities have provided for generous 
increases, and the State, by legislative enactment, has made provision for equal- 
izing, to a considerable extent, educational opportunity through the appropriation 
annually of a large school fund. A generous proportion of this is used to increase 
the salaries of teachers in communities whose resources are limited. Graduates of 
the elementary course may now expect to receive from eight hundred to one thou- 
sand dollars for their first year of service; graduates of the junior high school 
and the commercial courses receive substantially higher salaries. 

The principal is constantly called upon to recommend teachers for desirable 
positions. Correct information from the alumni regarding changes in their posi- 
tions and salaries is of the greatest importance to them in securing, through the 
school, opportunities for professional advancement. 

The co-operation of school officials in keeping the principal informed as to the 
success of the graduates is greatly appreciated by him. 

SCHOLARSHIPS FOR GRADUATES 

There are offered at Harvard University four scholarships, each of an annual 
value of one hundred fifty dollars, for the benefit of Students in Harvard College 
who are graduates of any reputable normal school in the United States. The 
School of Education of Boston University offers free tuition for one year to a 
limited number of graduates of the normal schools of New England, the students 
to be recommended by the faculties of the schools. 

Practically all New England colleges give suitable credit to graduates of the 
school for courses taken here. Teachers College of Columbia University, also, is 
liberal in its attitude towards our alumni who go there for advanced professioaln 
study. 

NOTICES TO SCHOOL OFFICIALS 

All interested persons, especially those connected in any way with educational 
work, are cordially invited to visit the school, to inspect the buildings and equip- 
ment, or to attend the exercises in its classrooms or training school at any time and 
without ceremony. The office is open throughout the summer vacation. 



36 

Superintendents and other school officials are requested to send to the school 
copies of their reports, directories, courses of study and other publications of com- 
mon interest. The courtesy will be appreciated and reciprocated. 

GENERAL INFORMATION 

Historical Sketch 

The State Normal School at Salem was opened to students September 12, 1854. 
It was the fourth normal school established by the State of Massachusetts. Its 
first building stood at the corner of Broad and Summer streets. This was enlarged 
and improved in 1860, and again in 1871. After twenty-five years the accommo- 
dations proved inadequate to meet the increased demands upon modern normal 
schools, and an appropriation was made by the Legislature for a new building, 
which was first occupied by the school December 2, 1896. A new training school 
building was occupied for the first time December 2, 1913. The site, buildings and 
equipment represent a value of approximately one million dollars, and it is be- 
lieved that the Commonwealth here possesses an educational plant as complete 
and convenient as any of its kind in this country. 

Decorations 

It is generally conceded that no building or schoolroom is finished or furnished 
which lacks beautiful and artistic decorations, not only because these objects are 
beautiful in themselves, but because of their refining and educative value. There 
is a silent influence resulting from the companionship of good pictures or casts, 
elevating the thought, and creating a dislike for the common, ugly, and inferior 
type of decoration so often seen. The school has many pictures and casts, the 
gifts of the students, the faculty, and other friends of the school. All these have 
been selected with great care and artistic judgment so that the whole is harmonious. 

The Teachers and Students 

The school during its history has had five principals and one hundred thirty-two 
assistant teachers. The development of the training schools began in 1897, and 
with them one hundred two persons have been connected as teachers. Twenty-five 
teachers are now required in the normal school and fourteen in the training school. 

More than eighty-eight hundred students have attended the school. 

The Location and Attractions of Salem 

No place in northeastern Massachusetts is more easily accessible than Salem. 
It is on the main line of the eastern division of the Boston and Maine Railroad 
system, connecting with the Saugus branch at Lynn. A branch road to Wake- 
field Junction connects the city with the western division. There is direct com- 
munication with Lowell, Lawrence, Haverhill, Rockport and Marblehead. Trains 
are frequent and convenient. Salem is also the center of an extensive net work of 
electric railways. Students coming daily to Salem on Boston and Maine trains 
can obtain season tickets at half price. Trains on the Marblehead branch stop at 
Loring Avenue, on signal, and many students find it more convenient to purchase 
their season tickets to that station. 

Salem is the center of many interesting historical associations, and within easy 
reach are the scenes of more important and stirring events than can be found in 
any other equal area of our country. The scenery, both seashore and country, 
in the neighborhood, is exceedingly attractive. There are many libraries, and 
curious and instructive collections belonging to various literary and antiquarian 
organizations, to which access is free. Lectures are frequent and inexpensive. 
The churches of the city represent all the religious denominations that are common 
in New England. 



37 

LECTURES AND CONCERTS 

The regular courses of instruction are supplemented and enriched by lectures 
and concerts which are given frequently throughout each year. Following is the 
program for 1926-1927. 

Concert ........ Glee clubs of Framingham and Salem 

Normal Schools 
Concert ........ Glee clubs of Brown University and 

Salem Normal School 

. Myrtle Jordan 

, A. E. Winship 

. Anne D. Blitz 

. State departments of health and 
education 

. Ada L. Webber 

. Arthur B. Lord 



Lecture recital: American music 

Problems in character building 

Mutual responsibilities of faculty and students 

Health conference .... 

Parent-teacher associations . 

Special class work . . . . 

Commencement address: The boiling point in 

education ..... 
Individual differences .... 
Teaching responsibility for health 
Responsibilities and opportunities . 
Business ethics ..... 
Library methods .... 

Co-operation of teacher, nurse and physician 



Henry Turner Bailey 

George D. Strayer 

Anne Whitney 

Elate Stevens 

George C. Bestick 

E. Louise Jones 

George H. Bigelow, M.D. 



Tickets for the concerts of the Boston Symphony Orchestra are obtained for 
students upon application. 

Picture Exhibitions and Lectures 

For several years the school has been utilizing the reflectoscope, the stereopticon, 
and the motion-picture machine to attain educational ends. Nearly every sub- 
ject taught in the school is served by these pictures. The fields of geography are 
particularly well covered. Talks on the pictures as they are shown are given 
usually by members of the faculty, but occasionally they are given by students or 
lecturers from outside the school. 

THE MUSICAL CLUBS 

A glee club, selected by competition, rehearses weekly, sings at various enter- 
tainments of the school, and gives an annual concert. An orchestra is also one of 
the musical activities of the school. 

THE ART CLUB 

The art club is an organization comprised of pupils of the school who desire to 
pursue the study of art to a more advanced degree than the prescribed courses 
permit. At the regular meetings work is done along industrial lines, which also 
includes more or less of the fine arts. There are walks for the study of various 
types of architecture; visits to the Museum of Fine Arts and studios in Boston; 
sketching trips during the spring months; and papers by the members of the club. 
A course of lectures is arranged for each season. 



THE JOHN BURROUGHS CLUB 

This club is organized for the students of the nature study classes who are par- 
ticularly interested in this work and who wish to gain a wider acquaintance with 
the out-of-doors than is possible in the regular course. Field trips and personal 
observations are the most important activities, but excursions are made to museums 
and collections of note, and the making of bird feeders, nesting boxes or shelters, 
and bird baths also forms part of the work. Talks are frequently given by mem- 
bers of the club or their friends. Regular meetings are held once in two weeks. 



38 

THE CIVICS CLUB 

The Civics Club was established to furnish an opportunity for the entering 
class to study matters of civic interest and to have informal discussions on these 
subjects; to take trips to the Legislature and other civic meetings; and to do 
something helpful for the school. Each year outside speakers lecture. The club 
occasionally conducts patriotic exercises, prepares exhibitions of civic material, 
and presents a gift to make the building more attractive. Some meetings are 
purely social, and at others sewing is done for philanthropic organizations of the 
city. 

THE DRAMATIC CLUB 

The Dramatic Club is an organization comprised of a carefully selected group of 
students who are interested in studying the drama and who show some evidence 
of ability in producing plays. The purpose of the club is to study the develop- 
ment of the drama, with emphasis on its modern aspects. This includes a con- 
sideration of actors, authors, and stagecraft. At each regular meeting a reading 
of a short play or parts of a play make up the program, aiming toward the cul- 
mination of a more ambitious production later in the school year. Interesting 
trips are made to Boston to see some of the best plays. 

THE WOMEN'S ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION 

The Women's Athletic Association is open to all the women members of the 
school. Its objects are: (1) To create an interest in athletics among the women 
of the school; (2) To set high standards and ideals and to promote good sports- 
manship in all activities; (3) To conduct contests and give awards. 

THE MEN'S ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION 

The Men's Athletic Association is an organization of men for the promotion 
and supervision of athletic teams representing the school. Interclass games and 
the development of good sportsmanship toward each other and the school are also 
a part of its program. 

THE COMMERCIAL CLUB 

The purpose of this club is to promote interest in commercial work and in the 
teaching of commercial subjects, especially along the lines of shorthand, accounting, 
and general business. 

OFFICERS OF THE CLUBS 

Glee Club 

Blanche I. McKeen President 

Olive E. Richardson ........ Secretary 

Bernice O. Bazeley Treasurer 

Ruth E. Duffett . Librarian 

M. Eloise Harty Assistant Librarian 

Fred W. Archibald ........ Director 

Orchestra 
Fred W. Archibald . ' Leader 



Art Club 



Catherine E. Whalen 
Helen J. Allard 
Mary A. Ahern 
E. Gladys Wilkins . 
C. Frederick Whitney 



President 
Vice-President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 
Faculty Advisor 



39 
John Burroughs Club 



Beatrice Harris 
Leota Straw . 
Ann Abramovitz 
Christine H. Bjorkgren 
Gertrude B. Goldsmith 



Helen R. Parker 
Mart F. Connelly 
Dorothy E. Hoar 
Muriel C. Rogers 
Maud L. Harris 



Louise E. Auger 
Isabella L. McFarlane 
Edith Baron 
Ruth A. Kirby 
Lena G. FitzHugh . 



Dramatic Club 



Civics Club 



Women's Athletic Association 



Corinne E. Davis . 
Mildred E. Linehan 
Ruth C. Beckford 
Mary E. Haley 
Gertrude Grossman 
M. Lorette Wetmore 
Marion E. Proctor 
E. Pauline Conrad 
Mira Wallace 



President 
Vice-President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 
Faculty Advisor 



President 
Vice-President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 
Faculty Advisor 



President 
Vice-President 
Secretary 
Treasurer 
Faculty Advisor 



President 

Vice-President 

Secretary 

Treasurer 

Head of Games 

Head of Hiking 

Head of Track and Field 

Head of Tennis 

Faculty Advisor 



Men's Athletic Association 

Henry M. Garvey . . . . . . . . President 

James P. Foley . . . . . . . . . Vice-President 

Augustus P. Macione . . Secretary 

. Treasurer 



Advisory Board 

J. Asbury Pitman ......... Principal 

Alexander H. Sproul Faculty Manager 

Leon H. Rockwell ......... Faculty Coach 

Myron R. Hutchinson Graduate 

Commercial Club 

Helen C. Brotherton ........ President 

Edmund F. Comeau ........ Vice-President 

Marjorie G. Obear ......... Secretary 

Theresa A. McHugh ......... Treasurer 

Alexander H. Sproul . . . . . . . . Faculty Advisor 

Geography Club 

Elsie M. Trevett ......... Editor 

Blanche M. Quaid . . . . . . . . Associate Editor 

Amy E. Ware Faculty Advitor 

OFFICERS OF THE SENIOR CLASS 

Arthur J. Sullivan President 

Teresa S. O'Neil Vice-President 

Esther A. Knowlton Secretary 

Grace M. Griffin Treasurer 



40 



REGISTER OF STUDENTS 

1926-1927 

GRADUATES— CLASS CXII— JUNE 18, 1926 



Elementary Course — Two Years 



Ahearn, Mary Esther 
Bannister, Katherine Lucy 
Barrett, Esther Patricia 
Barton, Dorothy Kingman 
Barton, Eva Leonie 
Beauchemin, Lucy May 
Beckford, Margaret Eleanor 
Beckwith, Sophie . 
Bingham, Ruth Elizabeth 
Bond, Gertrude Frederica 
Brenner, Fannie 
Brenner, Frances Freda . 
Buckley, Alice Margaret* 
Burstein, Anna 
Butler, Mae Walton 
Carohian, Nazany Nancy 
Cashman, Mary Eileen . 
Clarke, Avis . 
Colbert, Dorothy Marie 
Connolly, Margaret Catherine 
Couhig, Mary Frances . 
Coyne, Bernice Cecile 
Coyne, Eleanor Marie . 
Cross, Anna Rita . 
Curtis, Hester Babson . 
Daly, Marie Veronica 
Deans, Elizabeth . 
Desellier, Edna Mary 
Dewhurst, Anna Melinda 
Diamond, Etta May* 
Dimlich, Doris Florence Augusta 
Dingle, Frances Mae 
Dunn, Lillian Veronica . 
Elliott, Pauline Osborne 
English, Florence Virginia 
Epstein, Harriet . 
Faber, Celia . 
Fecteau, Florence Mildred 
Fletcher, Marion Edith 
Foley, Anna Frances 
Gillespie, Mary Jane 
Gold, Lena . 
Goldstein, Celia 
Goodman, Gussie . 
Gray, Mildred Geneva 
Green, Viola Douglass 
Greenblatt, Ida 
Grodsky, Jennie 
Guazzaloca, Stella Marie 
Hanlon, Katherine Rose 
Harding, Barbara Chase 
Harding, Helen Louise . 
Hathaway, Gertrude Mae 
Hanhilami, Toini . 
Horgan, Dorothy Joan . 
Johnson, Ruth Louise* . 
Jones, Lydia Emma 
Juel, Elizabeth Johanne 



. East Lynn 

. Essex 

. Peabody 

. Wakefield 

. Danvers 

. Swampscott 

. Newburyport 

. Dorchester 

. Newburyport 

. Haverhill 

. Chelsea 

. Lynn 

. Salem 

. Chelsea 

. Saugus 

. Lynn 

. Danvers 

. Cambridge 

. Melrose Highlands 

. Peabody 

. Beverly 

. Somerville 

. Salem 

. Lynn 

. Gloucester 

. Salem 

. Wakefield 

. Cambridge 

. Stoneham 

. Manchester 

. Lawrence 

. Wakefield 

. Salem 

. Danvers 

. West Somerville 

. Chelsea 

. Chelsea 

. Lynn 

. Maiden 

. Chelsea 

. Lynn 

. Itoxbury 

. Chelsea 

. Chelsea 

. Somerville 

. Rockport 

. Revere 

. Nahant 

. Somerville 

. Beverly 

. Somerville 

. Somerville 

. Peabody 

. Peabody 

. Lynn 

. Essex 

. Wenham 

. Swampscott 



♦Also included in the enrollment for the first quarter of 1926-1927; deferred diploma 
granted November 12, 1926. 



41 



Kelley, Catherine May . 

Kelley, Helen Irene 

Kochanski, Veronica Selma 

Koen, Gertrude Regina . 

Komarin, Esther Edith . 

Lane, Julia Mary . 

Leary, Elizabeth Miriam 

Lewis, Marion Gove 

Leyden, Helena Mary 

Loss, Sophie Clara 

Lowe, Mildred May* 

McCarthy, Catherine Veronica 

McCarthy, Elizabeth Helen 

Mcintosh, Marion Lillian 

McKeon, Marie Beatrice 

Margolis, Esther . 

Martin, Helen May 

Martin, Violet 

Mattson, Dorothy Ebba 

Mulcahy, Helen Louise . 

Murphy, Margaret Christina 

Murphy, Mary Helena . 

Murphy, Mary Louise 

Murray, Mary Frances . 

Neary, Catherine Elizabeth 

Nevins, Mary Cecelia 

Niland, Katherine Jane . 

O'Brien, Katherine Esther 

Odiorne, Priscilla . 

O'Donnell, Dorothy Alice 

Parkhurst, Laurinda 

Peabody, Edna Carleton 

Pender, Mary Elizabeth 

Persky, Rose Helene 

Pett, Ida Sylvia 

Pottala, Aila Emelia 

Rasmussen, Clara Severina Panduro 

Resnick, Bessie 

Rich, Leonor Mary 

Rimer, Dora . 

Rudolph, Anna 

Schoonover, Mary Lucille 

Scipione, Alice Margaret 

Sheedy, Julia Elizabeth* 

Sheehan, Catherine Frances 

Sherman, Sadie Edith 

Sias, Elizabeth Anna 

Silverstein, Frances 

Smith, Helen May 

Stevens, Aimie Woodbury 

Stubbs, Janet Mona 

Tangard, Ellen Margaret 

Terra, Hilda Geraldine . 

Thayer, Ruth Alden Spooner 

Tilton, Hilda Adams 

Toperzer, Edith Anna . 

Trayers, Mary Irene 

Trudel, Olive Frances 

Tully, Gertrude Louise . 

Valentine, May Astrid . 

Vik, Bertha Sofia . 

Viola, Louise Mary 

Webber, Helen Louise 

White, Adele Gertrude . 



Lynn 

Medford 

Cambridge 

Salem 

Peabody 

Peabody 

Newburyport 

Fall River 

Somerville 

Salem 

Gloucester 

Lynn 

North Andover 

West Medford 

East Lynn 

Chelsea 

Beverly 

Cliftondale 

Rockport 

Lynn 

Lynn 

Danvers 

Lynn 

Waverley 

Manchester 

Cambridge 

Lynn 

Belmont 

Swampscott 

Lynn 

Boxford 

Rowley 

Peabody 

Holyoke 

Gloucester 

Salem 

Jamaica Plain 

Chelsea 

Saugus 

Danvers 

Chelsea 

Cambridge 

Wakefield 

Salem 

Lynn 

Maiden 

Revere 

Chelsea 

Somerville 

Beverly 

Lynn 

Chelsea 

New Bedford 

Salem 

Topsfield 

Medford 

Danvers 

Newburyport 

Salem 

Saugus 

Wakefield 

Maiden 

Middleton 

Chelsea 



* Also included in the enrollment for the first quarter of 1926-1927; deferred diploma granted 
November 12, 1926. 



42 



Widtfeldt, Grace Ethel . 
Wiggin, Helen 
Willey, Dorothy . 
Wood, Caroline Mae 
Wright, Mary Constance 
Ziskowski, Julia 
Zoll, Minnie 



Wakefield 

Peabody 

Greenwood 

Swampscott 

Lynn 

Peabody 

Everett 



Junior High Course — Three Years 



Donovan, Mary Louise 
Frost, Elizabeth Ada 
Gilday, Ruth Mary 
Gould, Annie Isabel 
Lane, Mary Catherine . 
Lourie, Eva . 
McCarthy, Edward James 
Mayo, Elsie Marie 
Natho, Doris Clara 
Parziale, Charles Edwin 
Perry, Mabel Ellen 
Ramsdell, Mary Brown . 
Roberts, Wilfred Henry . 
Thurlow, Helen 
Tufts, Eileen Harney 
Twombly, Alice May 
Walters, Grace Gwendolyn 



Lynn 

Gloucester 

Rowley 

Lynn 

North Andover 

Chelsea 

Charlestown 

Lynn 

Andover 

Chelsea 

Greenwood 

Marblehead 

West Somerville 

Newbury port 

Beverly 

North Andover 

Saugus 



Commercial Course — FourJjYears 



Barry, Mary Ellen 
Bowie, Lydia Marion 
Burnham, Elizabeth Cook 
Burns, Mary Ethel 
Carroll, Mary Josephine 
Corkum, Pauline Harriett 
Curran, Margaret Agnes 
Dailey, Margaret . 
Dalton, Mary Frances 
Dolphin, Earle Wentzel 
Donovan, Anna Travis 
Downs, Lucile Elizabeth 
Doyle, Dorothy Mary 
Doyle, Henry Francis 
Faulds, Evelyn Eloise 
Frost, Mildred Grace 
Gravel, Lena Margaret 
Harrington, Mary Genevieve 
Hayes, Margaret Dolores 
Hicks, Walter Gordon . 
Higgins, James Leo 
Husson, Chesley Harwood 
Johnson, Edith Ruth 
Johnson, Jessie Evelyn . 
Johnson, Mary Porter . 
Keniley, Helen Cecelia . 
Larson, Florence Christina 
Macdonald, Ethel Gladys 
Marr, Ruth Douglass . 
McEachen, Mary Catherine 
McGuire, Bernice Josephine 
Moran, Cecelia Theresa . 
Mulcahy, Eleanor Elizabeth 
Nagel, Dorothea Martin 
Oliver, Margaret Evelyn 



Cambridge 

Gloucester 

Magnolia 

Hamilton 

Roxbury 

Gloucester 

Wheelwright 

Lexington 

Walpole 

East Lynn 

Charlestown 

Killingly, Conn. 

Salem 

Peabody 

Wollaston 

Holyoke 

Ware 

Salem 

Bridgewater 

Gloucester 

Danvers 

Lynn 

I-eominster 

Grafton 

Leominster 

New Haven, Conn. 

Pigeon Cove 

Watertown 

Rowley 

Gloucester 

New Haven, Conn. 

Leominster 

Cohasset 

Leeds 

Gloucester 



43 

O'Neill, James Joseph ......... Dan vers 

Pearson, Elsa Kristina ......... Somerville 

Reynolds, Almira . . . . . . . . . Fall River 

Uichards, George Anthony . p . . . . . . Peabody 

Ramsdell, Mary Clare Frances ....... Lynn 

Stone, Lillian Helen ......... Ayer 

Thompson, John Stanley ........ Gloucester 



Certificate for One Year's Work 

Elementary Course 
Keniston, Marion Bertha ..'...... Bradford 

Elementary and Junior High Courses 
Saunders, Blanche May ......... Everett 



44 



MEMBERSHIP FOR THE YEAR 1926-1927 
ELEMENTARY DEPARTMENT 



Senior Class 



Abramovitz, Ann 

Alpert, Mary Ruth 

Anderson, Ethel Lillian 

Auger, Anita Emily 

Bishop, Helen Dolores 

Bjorkgren, Christine Helena 

Bohan, Catherine Cecelia 

Bourlon, Helena Maria . 

Burns, Josephina Antoinette 

Cambridge, Doris Amy 

Cann, Margaret Louise 

Chase, Myra Davis 

Clancy, Elizabeth Agnes 

Clark, Helen May Elizabeth 

Clark, Ruth Alice . 

Cleary, Doris Rose 

Cody, Mary Louise 

Collins, Theresa Julia 

Connelly, Mary Frances 

Daniels, Halden Louise . 

Del Campo, Elisa Enorina Lucia 

Dorney, Sarah O'Reilly 

Dyer, Helen Frances 

Feindel, Doris Marion 

Feldman, Lila Rosa 

Fischer, Evelyn Estelle 

Fitzpatrick, Katharine Veronica 

Flynn, Mary Josephine . 

Ford, Winifred Marie 

Freedman, Dorothy 

Garrity, Rose 

Gilman, Janice 

Godfrey, Mary Ellen 

Gold, Dora . 

Gold, Mollie Ruth 

Golob, Freda 

Goverman, Esther 

Griffin, Grace Minerva . 

Grossman, Gertrude 

Hahesy, Gertrude . 

Haley, Mary Elizabeth . 

Harris, Beatrice 

Hartigan, Mary Dutra . 

Henry, Margaret Angela 

Higgins, Anna Mary 

Hill, Sadye . 

Howard, Priscilla Ordway 

Hurwitch, Helen Ruth . 

Johnson, Clara Florence Astrid 

Kasparian, Isabelle 

Katz, Anna . 

Katz, Gertrude 

Kimball, Viola Muriel . 

Kramer, Rose 

Lane, Helen Elizabeth . 

Langan, Mary Ellen 

Lee, Elizabeth Palmer . 

Lepes, Fanny Shirley 

Lillis, Eileen Rita 

Linehan, Mildred Eleanor 



Chelsea 

Chelsea 

Pigeon Cove 

Lynn 

Salem 

Lexington 

Gloucester 

Everett 

Ipswich 

Lexington 

West Lynn 

Haverhill 

Peabody 

Beverly 

Lynn 

Maiden 

Lynn 

Wakefield 

Chelsea 

Maiden 

Lynn 

Medford 

Everett 

North WilmingtoD 

Revere 

Lynn 

Salem 

Arlington 

Somerville 

Chelsea 

Chelsea 

Chelsea 

Salem 

Chelsea 

Chelsea 

Chelsea 

Cambridge 

Danvers 

Chelsea 

Chelsea 

Marblehead 

Chelsea 

Roslindale 

Salem 

Lynn 

Chelsea 

Marblehead 

Andover 

Gloucester 

Haverhill 

Chelsea 

Lynn 

Bradley's Brook 

Lynn 

Peabody 

Peabody 

Newburyport 

Fall River 

Peabody 

Prides 



45 

McAuliffe, Mary Elizabeth t . Chelsea 

McKeever, Lillian Frances ........ Cambridge 

MacKeen, Mabel Reta Wakefield 

Mackie, Mary Claire ......... Lawrence 

Maguire, Alice Gertrude ........ Peabody 

Malatsky, Rose .......... Chelsea 

Marrs, Mary Frances . . . . . . . . . Peabody 

Meserve, Helen Hannah ........ Revere 

Monahan, Catherine Lillian ....... Revere 

Newman, Celia Sheila . . . . . . . . . Chelsea 

Nutile, Lillian Adeline . . . . . . . . . Wakefield 

Nutter, Mabel Louise ......... Beverly 

O'Neil, Teresa Sylvester . ' . Everett 

Parker, Helen Rachel . . . . . . . . . East Lynn 

Patterson, Edith Martha ........ Arlington 

Peterson, Ethel Demetrie ........ Somerville 

Phillips, Dorothy Arlene ........ Lynn 

Pooler, Lillian Ethel ......... East Saugus 

Portesi, Clara Jacquiline ........ Somerville 

Preston, Ella Mae ......... East Lynn 

Rich, Irene Catherine . . . . . . . . . Lynn 

Rivkin, Selma Reeva ......... Chelsea 

Rogers, Muriel Chetwood ........ Gloucester 

Rotfort, Janet .......... Chelsea 

Sampson, Geraldine Sederquist ....... Lynn 

Sexton, Dorothy Louise .../..... Arlington 

Shea, Mary Frances ......... Cambridge 

Sheinfeld, Sadie .......... Chelsea 

Sherriff, Beatrice Frances ........ Revere 

Silverman, Ida .......... Cambridge 

Slotnick, Ruth Eve ......... Somerville 

Smith, Doris Ethel ......... Revere 

Smith, Jeanette .......... Chelsea 

Stanley, Elizabeth Watts ........ Beverly 

Stone, Doris Power ......... Marblehead 

Stone, Hazel Davidson ......... Newburyport 

Straw, Leota .......... Melrose 

Sudack, Sara .......... Fall River 

Talbot, Mary Veronica ......... Everett 

Thissell, Bernice Ann ......... Lawrence 

Thurlow, Ruth Mary ......... Newburyport 

Twomey, Marguerite Josephine ....... Newburyport 

.Warner, Marguerite Bartol ........ Lynn 

Wetmore, Mary Lorette ........ Cambridge 

Whalen, Catherine Evelyn ........ Lexington 

Zapolska, Felicia Frances ........ Cambridge 

Zapolska, Marcia Sophie ........ Cambridge 

Freshman Class 

Abate, Evelyn Everett 

Akerley, Elizabeth Byington Beverly 

Allen, Dorothy East Boston 

Ames, Ruth Beatrice Wakefield 

Aronow, Frances Chelsea 

Auger, Louise Ethel W r est Boxford 

Austin, Doris Marjorie Newburyport 

Bailey, Eileen Mildred Somerville 

Baron, Edith ; Cambridge 

Barry, Catherine Irene ......... Lynn 

Bauer, Dorothy Marie Greenwood 

Bellew, Mary Ellen . . Peabody 

Boyce, Ethel Jane Lexington 

Boyle, Helen Graham ......... Peabody 

Bradley, Mary Rita Salem 

Breen, Mary Lillian ......... Lynn 

Budnick, Mary West Boxford 



46 



Burns, Josephine Justina* 
Callahan, Elena Mary . 
Campbell, Alice Eva 
Campbell, Dorothy 
Carter, Katherine Belle 
Caulfield, Eleanor Margaret 
Chase, Lucy Sybil 
Coates, Reta Beatrice 
Cogger, Alice Mary 
Cole, Mary Annette 
Collins, Elizabeth Alma 
Collins, Gertrude Abigail 
Cosman, Marcia Isabelle 
Cotter, Ellen Rita 
Coyle, Marie Louise 
Curry, Frances Regina . 
Dailey, Eleanore Dorothy 
Daly, Frances Elizabeth 
Damsky, Beatrice* 
Desmond, Margaret Mary* 
Dinerman, Isabelle 
Driscoll, Florence Mary 
Ellery, Josephine 
Finn, Genevieve Frances 
Firth, Florence Gertrude 
Fischer, Emma Elizabeth 
Fitzpatrick, Frances Leona 
Foley, Catherine Brigid 
Geizer, Winifred . 
Gerring, Ida Eliza 
Gill, Zelma . 
Gingras, Jeanne Delia* 
Golant, Frances 
Goodman, Ida Helen 
Grant, Dorothy Woodbury 
Guerin, Mary Elizabeth 
Haley, Helen Ruth 
Harding, Patricia . 
Harrigan, Margaret 
Hempel, Esther Anna 
Henderson, Georgianna 
Hersom, Frances Regina* 
Hetherington, Hazel Mary 
Hodgkins, Katherine Louise 
Holmes, Elizabeth 
Hulak, Pauline Rhoda 
Joyce, Grace Elizabeth 
Kaylor, Elsie Dolores 
Keane, Catherine Louise 
Keating, Agnes Marie . 
Kendrick, Helen Margaret 
Kiely, Louise Mary 
Kirby, Ruth Agatha 
Kirwin, Merle Patricia . 
Ladd, Ruth Edith* 
Landford, Ruth Alphreda 
Levine, Rose Lillian 
Lowe, Jessie Pauline 
McCarthy, Marion Agnes 
McCue, Eleanor . 
McDonald, Gertrude Ellen 
McFarlane, Isabella Law 
Marcus, Genevieve Yrette 
Merrill, Grace Emmelene* 
Mighill, Ruth Johnston . 

* Was a member of the school less than one-half of the year. 



. Lynn 

. Beverly 

. West Somerville 

. Winthrop 

. Somerville 

. Roslindale 

. Everett 

. East Lynn 

. Revere 

. Lynn 

. Amesbury 

. Revere 

. Lynn 

. Revere 

. Peabody 

. Charlestown 

. Boston 

. Salem 

. Lynn 
. Lynn 
. Beverly 
. Peabody 
. Dan vers 
. Revere 
. Gloucester 
. Lynn 
. Revere 
. Belmont 
. Greenwood 
. Gloucester 
. Haverhill 
. Lynn 
. Lynn 
. Dorchester 
. Beverly 
, Everett 
, Somerville 
Somerville 
Salem 
Lawrence 
Marblehead 

Somerville 

Peabody 

Gloucester 

Roxbury 

Chelsea 

Revere 

Fall River 

Lynn 

Fall River 

Melrose 

Lynn 

Danvers 

Peabody 

Newburyport 

Newburyport 

Dorchester 

Gloucester 

Boston 

Salem 

Salem 

Winthrop 

Revere 

Amesbury 

Rowley 



47 



Miller, Pauline Lillian . 
Monks, Marjorie . 
Morgan, Margaret Mary 
Morris, Janet 
Moser, Louise Almyr 
Nahigian, Agnes Mary . 
Niland, Ruth Margaret . 
Pssukonis, Mary Cassie 
Patterson, Alice Bradford 
Perkins, Norma Emmaretta 
Peterson, Lena Alice 
Pickard, Barbara Nourse 
Poitras, Adelaide Mary 
Porter, Isabelle Grace 
Ramin, Etta 
Remick, Helen Ray 
Riley, Catherine Claire 
Rivers, Emily* 
Roche, Mary Louise 
Rollins, Josephine Rosamond 
Rooney, Mary Elizabeth 
Salmon, Mildred Louise 
Sanders, Hortense Crum 
Shea, Katherine Elizabeth 
Sheehan, Alice Josephine 
Sheridan, Julia Rita 
Shipione, Louise . 
Sigel, Edith . 
Skahan, Marion Frances 
Slocomb, Elizabeth 
Smith, Anna Josephine 
Solomon, Hattie Florence 
Soule, Arline Frances 
Steiner, Shirley 
Stevens, Evelyn Weston 
St. Pierre, Blanche Yvonne 
Sullivan, Ellen Josephine 
Sullivan, Katherine Louise 
Sullivan, Margaret Louise 
Sumner, Elizabeth 
Sweeney, Eleanor Gertrude 
Tansey, Loretta Marion 
Tully, Clare Marie 
Twomey, Marie Katherine 
Tyburska, Isabelle Regina 
Verdi, Mary Margaret . 
Waldron, Mary Alice 
Walsh, Anna Bernadette 
Walsh, Eileen Louise* . 
Walsh, Madeleine Frances 
Walsh, Mary Helena 
Walsh, Marian Genevieve 
Watson, Mary Elizabeth 
Weiner Diana 
Weiss, Matilda 
Whalen, Mary Ruth 
Williams, Dorothy Almira 
Wilson, Dorothy Mildred 
Winchester, Isabel Lenore 
Zaks, Frances Beatrice . 
Zion, Ruth 

♦Was a member of the school less than one-half of the year. 



Revere 

Maiden 

Soroerville 

Salem 

Salem 

Somerville 

Lynn 

Rowley 

Woburn 

Wakefield 

South Hamilton 

Ipswich 

Salem 

West Somerville 

Revere 

Winthrop 

Lynn 

Manchester 

Lynn 

Winthrop 

Lynn 

Everett 

Winthrop 

Peabody 

Cambridge 

Peabody 

West Lynn 

Peabody 

Belmont 

Maiden 

Beverly 

Chelsea 

Wakefield 

Revere 

Newburyport 

Salem 

Everett 

Salem 

Peabody 

Salem 

Peabody 

West Somerville 

Salem 

Peabody 

Salem 

Winthrop 

Peabody 

Revere 

Revere 

Lynn 

Cliftondale 

Salem 

Cambridge 

Revere 

Medford 

Salem 

Ipswich 

North Reading 

Lynnfield 

Winthrop 

Revere 



JUNIOR HIGH DEPARTMENT 



Senior Class 



Ahem, Mary Agnes 
Allard, Dorothy Adelle 
Allard, Helen Jenness 
Bazley, Bernice Olive 
Coffill, Alice Louise 
Cox, Hattie Usher 
Griffin, Ethel Clarke 
McCarthy, Marjorie Margaret 
McKeen, Blanche Ida 
MacKintosh, Christie Evelyn 
Moretsky, Celia 
Nevers, Lucille May 
O'Keefe, Edna May 
O'Keiff, Agnes Mary Cecilia 
Rowe, Elizabeth Harriman 
Shaughnessy, Mary Louise 
Swanson, Marian Christine 
Thompson, Helen Etta . 
Tucker, Dorothy May . 
Wheelen, Katherine Elizabeth 
Wilkins, Edith Gladys . 
Zuoski, Zella 



Arlington 
Reading 
Reading 
Wakefield 
Essex 
Salem 
Danvers 
Winthrop 
Peabody 
Pigeon Cove 
Chelsea 
Winthrop 
Gloucester 
Essex 
Gloucester 
Salem 
Gloucester 
Revere 
. Gloucester 
Beverly 
Somerville 
Ipswich 



Sophomore Class 



Anderson, Elsie Victoria 
Berry, Margaret Mary Elizabeth 
Broughton, Mabelle Gardner 
Cashman, Anna Frances 
Crediford, John William, Jr. 
Eaton, Mildred Elizabeth 
Embree, Adelaide Caroline 
Fenders, Mary Anastasia 
Fitzmaurice, Marie Emily 
Henderson, Gladys 
Hoarj Dorothy Elizabeth 
Horgan, Sarah Helen 
Jianakountzos, Jennie Antoinette 
Kelley, Morton Frederick 
Leland, Marjorie 
McCarthy, Anne Eugenia 
Nutter, Elizabeth 
Ostrer, Marion 
Phelan, Margaret Mary 
Rich, William Arthur 
Rikkola, Vaino John 
Sheehan, Elizabeth Mary 
Sheridan, Anne Connell . 
Simpson, Frances Mary 
Stevens, Beatrice Lucile 
Twombly, Gertrude Esther 
Welch, Marion Josephine 
Wiggins, Helen Roberts . 



Saugus 

Salem 

Marblehead 

Salem 

South Hamilton 

Danvers 

Marblehead 

Newburyport 

Peabody 

Wilmington 

Salem 

Peabody 

Ipswich 

Beverly 

Beverly 

Beverly 

Reading 

Salem 

Ipswich 

Beverly 

Peabody 

Lynn 

Somerville 

Peabody 

Andover 

North Andover 

Peabody 

Manchester 



SPECIAL COURSE — ONE YEAR 



Beckford, Margaret Eleanor* 
Epstein, Harriet . 
Trudel, Olive Frances* . 



Newburyport 

Chelsea 

Newburyport 



* Was a member of the school less than one-half of the year. 



49 
Freshman Class 



Angelakis, Stella Helen 
Bates, Mildred Kimball 
Berkovitz, Bertha . 
Bond, Mary Louise 
Burke, Mary Frances 
Carroll, Helen Elizabeth 
Castaline, Frances 
Chandler, Frances Catherine 
Chapman, Lulu Isabelle* 
Cheney, Isobel May 
Churchill, Beatrice Gertrude* 
Dane, Helen Elizabeth . 
Danskin, Alice Janet 
Dean, Mary Agnes 
Dillon, Helen Teresa 
Dineen, Mary Margaret 
Dupar, Eleanor Marie 
Evans, Dorice Safford 
Fleming, Catherine Marie 
Fox, Gladys Marie 
Gannon, Elizabeth Marie 
Gordon, Sidney Fremont 
Griffin, Rose Margaret . 
Harkins, Grace Isabelle . 
Hartigan, Eleanor Frances 
Healey, Veronica Catherine 
Henderson, Irma Christine 
Hughes, Evelyn May 
Kane, George Leo 
Kelly, Alice Agnes 
Kimball, Winifred Catharine 
Lawrie, Ethel McCord . 
Lynch, Carolyn Elizabeth* 
Lynn, Elizabeth Gertrude 
McElligott, Katherine Mary 
McKinnon, Marie Bertha 
Mackinnon, Florence Edna 
MacMahan, Ruth Elizabeth 
Martin, Doris Birdelle 
Meriam, Dorothy Robinson 
Messenger, Samuel 
Mitchell, Eileen Perry . 
Moody, Beatrice Daisy 
Moran, Marion Catherine 
Morton, Doris May 
Murray, Lillian Elizabeth* 
O'Donnell, Charles Vincent* 
Powers, Florence Mary . 
Regele, Charlotte Alice* 
Scott, Margaret Tocher . 
Sheehan, Doris Esther . 
Simon, Anna Winifred . 
Stead, Olivia Mae . 
Stromdahl, Blanche Martha 
Whitehouse, Esther Louise 



Lynn 

Melrose 

Chelsea 

Everett 

Somerville 

Somerville 

Chelsea 

Somerville 

Everett 

Winter Hill 

Beverly 

Cambridge 

Manchester 

Beverly 

Maiden 

Lawrence 

Marblehead 

Newburyport 

Salem 

Cliftondale 

Revere 

Danvers 

Lynn 

Somerville 

Salem 

Salem 

Wilmington 

Peabody 

North Abington 

Salem 
Peabody 
Lawrence 
Chelsea 
, Chelsea 
, Manchester 
, Beverly 
. Peabody 
, East Boston 
. Somerville 
. Melrose 
. Peabody 
. Salem 
. Wakefield 
. Somerville 
. South Peabody 
. West Somerville 
. Peabody 
. Cambridge 
. Roxbury 
. Manchester 
. Salem 
. Beverly 
. Cambridge 
. Lynn 
. Reading 



COMMERCIAL DEPARTMENT 

Senior Class 

Ashton, Ruth Merrill Swampscott 

Bftvard Jessie • • • J^ynn 

Bergeron, Kathryn Frances '. '. Newburyport 

Brotherton, Helen Cosgrove ......•• Gloucester 

* Was a member of the school less than one-half of the year. 



50 



Carmel, Doris Rose 
Conrad, Edna Pauline . 
Coughlan, Anna Dolores 
Davenport, Ruth O'Mey 
Davis, Corinne Erma 
Ellis, Dorothy 
Flynn, Eileen Burnadette 
Frissell, Clarice Laura . 
Garvey, Henry Matthew 
Goodwin, Marian Stanwood . 
Hale, Irene Elizabeth 
Harrigan, Daniel Francis, Jr. 
Hollingshead, Rachel May 
Knowlton, Esther Appleton . 
McHugh, Theresa Anne 
Mattson, Hilda Martha Matilda 
Morrow, Dorothy Lorraine 
Murphy, Madeleine Margaret 
Olsen, Inger Frances 
Preston, Margaret Agnes 
Proctor, Marion Edith . 
Rosnell, Ellen Elizabeth 
Sanders, Ethel Hurline . 
Spidle, Lillian Marie 
St. Germain, Pauline Josephine 
Sullivan, Arthur John . 
Travers, Alice Helena 
Tebo, Mary Elizabeth . 
Trevett, Elsie May 
Valpey, Eleanore Lord . 
Voigt, Amelia Haberer . 



Pittsfield 

Allston 

Revere 

New Bedford 

Gloucester 

Beverly 

Revere 

Pittsfield 

Gloucester 

Gloucester 

Rockport 

Peabody 

Beverly 

Hamiltom 

Dedham 

Fitchburg 

South Hamilton^ 

Ayer 

Newton 

Salem 

Gloucester 

East Weymouth; 

Winthrop 

Lexington 

Fitchburg 

Danvers 

Salem 

Fisherville 

East Lynn 

Swampscott 

Easthampton 



Junior Class 
In accordance with the requirements stated on page 12, paragraph 3, the members of this; 
class are during one-half of this year employed in business offices under the general supervision 
of the school. 



Division I 

Brennan, Mary Magdalen 
Duffett, Ruth Evelyn . 
Dunigan, Hilda Beatrice 
Foley, James Patrick 
Holdsworth, Cilia Garth 
Luz, Mary Eugenia 
McAteer, Mary Winnifred 
Marshall, Marion Saunders 



Attending sehool during the first half-year 

. Wheelwright 

. Swampscott 

. North Chelmsford 

. Peabody 

. East Lynn 

. Peabody 

. Dedham 

. Pigeon Cove 



Aim, Dagmar 
Andrias, Anna 
Beckford, Ruth Carleton 
Connors, Eleanor Gertrude 
Cook, Luella Margaret 
Corriveau, Marion Grace 
Drapeau, Leonie 
Foster, Anna Carmen 
Gillespie, Mary Patricia 
Griffin, Evelyn Monroe 
Harty, Mary Eloise 
Moran, Mary Louise 
Page, Lottie . 
Quaid, Blanche Marie . 
Richards, Dorothy Holt 
Scully, Pauline Anna 
Trumbull, Eugenie Veronica 
Whalley, Mary Eleanor . 



Division II. Employed in offices during the first half-year 

. Marblehead Neck 

. Lynn 

. Newburyport 

. Wakefield 

. Dedham 

. Gardner 

. Holyoke 

. Gloucester 

. North Andover 

. Gloucester 

. Maiden 

. Amesbury 

. Dedham 

. Lynn 

. Lynn 

. Somerville 

. Chiicopee Falls; 

. Salem 



51 

Sophomore Class 



Alcock, Esther Sallie 
Atwood, Elizabeth June 
Bartlett, Doris Fellows . 
Brennan, Winifred Anna 
Britt, Marie Florence 
Buckley, Frederick Augustus 
Burwell, Myra Lois 
Cadigan, Mary Julia 
Carter, Rebecca Margaret 
Cohen, Ruth Lillian 
Cunningham, Doris Eleanor 
Danforth, Dorothy Mae 
Davis, Ruth Evelyn 
Flynn, Marjorie Alice 
Freeman, Catherine 
Hart, Charles Edward 
Hawley, Helen Marie 
Holt, Gertrude May 
Honohan, Veronica Elizabeth 
Howe, Persis Fosgate 
Hutchinson, Doris May 
Ingalls, Arthur Henry 
Kealey, Grace Marie 
Kelleher, Madeleine Margaret 
Laird, Catherine Helen . 
MacKenzie, Mary Margaret 
Mayer, Flora Lillian 
Merchant, Pauline Spear 
Morrison, Bertha Florence 
Obear, Marjorie Gladys . 
Perry, Marion Louise 
Peterson, Hilja Emily 
Richardson, Olive Eveland 
Risman, Grace 
Snow, Doris Virginia 
Socorelis, Alice Bertha 
Stanley, Alice May 
Thatcher, Carolyn Ainsworth 
Ward, Dorothy Jane 
Watman, Joseph, Jr. 
Welch, Charles Henry . 
Wentzell, Marie Ruth . 
Wickman, Bertha Sophia 



Austin, Cora Belle 
Bixby, Gladys 
Bradley, Florence Isabel 
Brown, Pauline Agnes 
Campbell, Grace Evelyn* 
Canty, John Murray 
Carlin, James Francis 
Chisholm, Isabel Gertrude 
Comeau, Edmund Francis 
Connolly, Gertrude Marie 
Cook, Thelma Mae 
Currier, Ruth Harriet* . 
Daley, Julia Teresa Claire 
Desmond, Elizabeth Rita 
Donovan, Mary Gertrude 
Dozois, Jeanne Marie 
Driscoll, Viola May 
Flatley, Margaret Mary 



Freshman Class 



Cambridge 

Belchertown 

Medford 

Revere 

Cambridge 

Lynn 

Cliftondale 

Beverly Farms 

South Essex 

Salem 

Newbury 

Peabody 

Marblehead 

Revere 

Salem 

North Abington 

Holyoke 

Gardner 

Walpole 

Millbury 

Melrose 

Gloucester 

Amesbury 

Gilbertville 

Saugus 

Revere 

Holyoke 

East Weymouth 

East Saugus 

Gloucester 

Holyoke 

Pigeon Cove 

Salem 

Lynn 

Manchester 

Westford 

Lowell 

Gardner 

Lowell 

West Lynn 

Salem 

Peabody 

Gardner 



Salem 

Lowell 

Newburyport 

Merrimac 

Saugus 

Charlestown 

Peabody 

North Dighton 

Peabody 

Salem 

South Bellingham 

Salisbury 

Wheelwright 

Newtonville 

Salem 

Lowell 

Cambridge 

Manchester 



Was a member of the school less than one-half of the year. 



52 



Galper, Abraham Sidney 
Gilbert, Doris Adeline . 
Gould, Charles I., Jr. 
Grady, Julia Mary 
Katz, Hyman 

LaMudge, Maybelle Estelle 
Locklin, Mary 
Looney, Mary Thomasina 
Lynch, Catherine Teresa 
Macione, Augustus Paul 
Mann, Evalyn Elizabeth 
Murphy, Mary Agnes 
Orton, Albert James 
Peeples, Kathleen Muriel* 
Regish, Anna Mary 
Rockett, Joseph Edward 
Smith, Lillian Gertrude* 
Smith, Marion Victoria 
Smith, Ruth Inman 
Tenenbaum, Bessie 
Thibodeault, Gertrude Mary 
Turner, Eunice Stanmore 
Waxman, Samuel . 
Wernick, Anna 

*Was a member of the school less than one-half of the year. 



Salem 

Salem 

Middleton 

Somerville 

Pittsfield 

Haverhill 

Franklin 

Swampscott 

Bradford 

Peabody 

East Templeton 

Topsfield 

Salem 

Gloucester 

Easthampton 

Belmont 

North Dana 

Worcester 

Marion 

Lynn 

Marblehead 

Pembroke 

Lynn 

Holyoke 



SUMMARY 









Totals by 


Totals 




Returning 


Entering 


Classes 


by Depart- 










ments 


Elementary department: 










Senior class ...... 


107 





107 




Seniors out of course .... 


5f 





«t 




Freshman class . . . . . 


10 


133 


143 


255 


Junior high department: 










Senior class ...... 


22 





22 




Sophomore class ..... 


28 





28 




Freshman class ..... 


1 


54 


55 




Special course, 1 year .... 


3 





3 


108 


Commercial department: 










Senior class ...... 


35 





35 




Junior class ...... 


26* 





26* 




Sophomore class ..... 


43 





43 




Freshman class ..... 


1 


41 


42 


146* 




281 


228 


509 


509 



Whole number of students from opening of school 

Whole number of graduates 

Number of certificates for spceial courses of one, two, or three years 

Total enrollment in training school for year ending June 30, 1926 



8825 
5107** 

195*** 

414 



* Of whom eighteen are employed in business offices during the first-half year, and seven 
during the second half-year. 

** Of whom ten have received two diplomas. 

*** Of whom one received two certificates, and twenty-seven also received diplomas and are 
included in the total number of graduates. 

f Received deferred diplomas, November 12, 1926. 



President 



53 
OFFICERS OF THE SALEM NORMAL ASSOCIATION 

1925-1928 

CLASS 

. Elizabeth Frances Hood (Mrs. Wallace P. Wood) 53 
57 Sylvan Street, Danvers 



Vice-President 



Recording Secretary 



Corresponding Secretary 



Treasurer 



Custodian of Records 



Auditor 



Abbie May Hood (Mrs. Thomas Roland) . . 58 

Summer Street, Nahant 

Alice Felton Hammond . . . . .43 

10 Sylvan Street, Danvers 

Lena Grayson Fitzhugh . . . . .96 

State Normal School, Salem 

Laura Etta Horne . . . . . .71 

46 Abbott Street, Beverly 

Anna May Vollor (Mrs. Robert H. Nichols) . . 95 

Birch Street, Marblehead 

Gilman Clifton Harvey ..... 103 

Leonard Street, Annisquam 

Jessie Putnam Learoyd . . . . .51 

13 Oak Street, Danvers 
Grace Lydia Morrison (Mrs. Joseph H. Poole) . 86 

Brockton 
Mary Abby Grant ....... 83 

Andrews Street, Salem 
Marion Ella Remon . . . . . .95 

13 Juniper Avenue, Salem 
Dorothy Claire Ahearne ..... 108 

73 Essex Street, Salem 

Olive Mary Adams . . . . . .92 

21 Central Street, Beverly 
Mabel Emma Lindsey (Mrs. Walter L. Williams) . 79 

5 State Street, Peabody 
Lena Curtis Emery ...... 50 

8 Howard Street, Salem 
Kate Merritt ....... 88 

44 Mountain Avenue, East Lynn 
Effie Leslie Culbert ...... 105 

238 Greenwood Avenue, Beverly Farms 

The association holds a triennial meeting. The last meeting was held|at the school on 
June 6, 1925. 



Directors 



Nominating Committee 



Publication of this Document Approved by the Commission on Administration and Finance 
2800. 2-'27. Order 8168.